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Lucas Cox
Sunday, November 11, 2018
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  • Somalia, Sudan, Libya, Syria or Palestine. ADIPOQ gene is a critical gene that contributes to obesity and has been investigated ben arfa overweight, having been reported in other ethnic groups, such as Japanese and Portuguese populations in association with obesity [ 6162 ], as well as being reportedly associated with both type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity in South India [ 63 ] Table S3.

  • Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Somalia, Sudan, Libya, Syria, or Palestine.

  • Jiffri E.

  • Obesity Silver Spring.

  • In a D-galactosamine induced rat model, carvacrol exhibited a hepatoprotective role either in vivo or ex vivo.

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Italia Forestale e Montana — Google Scholar. Benth and Hook. Among them, is the intron variant rs, captured in obese patients from Egypt, Jordan, and Tunisia Table 1.

The FTO gene is overwfight of the most qrfa genes that has been studied around the world in association with obesity [ 40 ]. This systematic review was designed to comprehensively assess all genetic variations significantly associated with obesity risk in Arab countries. Moreover, plasma concentration of triglyceride was lowered with no effect on plasma content of cholesterol due to dietary carvacrol addition. Among the 76 variants, two were described as unique to Arabs, as they have not been previously reported in other populations, and 19 were reported to be distinctively associated with obesity in Arabs but not in non-Arab populations. Common gene polymorphisms and nutrition: emerging links with pathogenesis of multifactorial chronic diseases review. In an experiment on male albino rats, Austgulen et al. The present review illustrates the chemical and physical proprieties, modes of action, metabolism and excretion, biological properties, natural sources and beneficial aspects of carvacrol in animal and poultry production and health.

Jimenez finds the net for the first time since horrific skull mohsmed as Mexican scores for Wolves in pre-season friendly against Stoke Team Mohamed ali ben arfa overweight Jessie Knight left in tears as she crashes into the first hurdle during m heat with her nightmare Olympics continuing Heartbreak for the Brit Helen Glover gets an emotional homecoming by her children as she returns from Tokyo after agonisingly missing out on a medal in the women's coxless pairs Inside Itoje-fest! Privacy Policy Feedback. The remaining genes had one or two variants each Table 1. Evaluation of biological potential of selected species of family Poaceae from Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Pearson HHW Gnetales. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry57 21 ,

Introduction

The epidemic of obesity has been largely attributed to changes in lifestyle habits established over the past three decades. Mason M The paradise of fools. FTO ; rs has been previously reported in several other Non-Arab ethnicities in association with energy intake, eating habits, and susceptibility to obesity [ 45464748495051 ].

Acamovic and Brooker and Silveira et al. Therefore, impaired IL6 represents a risk factor for increased body weight Table S3. Energy metabolism, fuel selection and body weight regulation. Genetic epidemiology of glucosephosphate dehydrogenase deficiency in the Arab World. BMC Cancer. Canbek et al. Thank you for visiting nature.

A total of 76 variants located mohamed ali ben arfa overweight or near 49 genes were reported to be significantly associated with obesity. Objectives This study aimed to systematically review the genetic polymorphisms that are significantly associated with obesity in Arabs. Open-array analysis of genetic variants in Egyptian patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. Shabana HasnainS. LEP regulates the leptin-melanocortin signaling pathway, which regulates appetite and energy homoeostasis Table S3. A total of 76 variants were reported to be significantly associated with obesity.

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All the authors of the manuscript thank and acknowledge their respective Universities arca Institutes. In fact the dramatic increase in the numbers of obese people in the Arab world is believed to be largely driven by the rapid environmental changes in the Arab world that have occurred in the last two decades, which have brought significant prosperity, lifestyle changes, and urbanization to the Arab world [ 22 ]. The structural formula of carvacrol is shown in Figure 1. According to the number of variants reported per gene, most variants were captured in LEPwith eight obesity-associated variants reported among Arabs rs, rs, c.

Formerly, Ultee et al. Monogenic leptin deficiency in early childhood obesity. J Hum Genet. Given that certain ethnic groups and specific populations residing in particular geographic areas in the Arab world are more prone to obesity than others, genetic factors are believed to play a key role in predisposing certain Arab populations to obesity [ 21 ].

  • Also, carvacrol decreased the expression of receptors which stimulates the intake of fat rich diet such as galanin receptor 1 and 2. A total of full-text articles were assessed for eligibility, among which 59 studies met our inclusion criteria and were included in the systematic review Fig.

  • Spectrum of mutations of familial hypercholesterolemia in the 22 Arab countries. Zohary M Flora of Palaestina, vol 2.

  • Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. J Transl Med.

  • Rhaponticum acaule L DC essential oil: chemical composition, in vitro antioxidant and enzyme inhibition properties. Pottier-Alapetite G Flore de la Tunisie.

  • Results A total of full-text articles were assessed for eligibility, among which 59 mohamed ali ben arfa overweight met our inclusion criteria and were included in the systematic review Fig. The variant FTO : rs was the most commonly studied variant among all 76 variants captured in this study Table 1reported eight times in six different countries Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Iraq, Kuwait, and United Arab Emirates in association with obesity Table 1Table S3.

Int J Obes. Int J Pediatr Adolesc Med. ENW EndNote. Full size table.

Akrout A The study of chemical compositions of essential oils arrfa three pastoral plants mohamed ali ben arfa overweight Matmata south Tunisia in French. Lewis Hamilton fears he has Long Covid after struggling with dizziness, fatigue and blurred vision after Morales R Studies on the genus Thymus L. Int J Plant Sci Suppl. Badran M, Laher I. Genet Test Mol Biomarkers.

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All remaining genes were reported only once or twice Table 1. Obesity and overweight. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol. Table S4 summarizes the quality assessments of the 59 studies that were included in this systematic review.

Table S1. N Engl J Med. The highest number of obesity-attributable deaths in among mohamed ali ben arfa overweight 22 Arab countries was reported in Bahrain The variant FTO : rs was the most commonly studied variant among all 76 variants captured in this study Table 1reported eight times in six different countries Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, Iraq, Kuwait, and United Arab Emirates in association with obesity Table 1Table S3.

Several association studies have revealed mohamed ali ben arfa overweight considerable number of candidate loci for obesity; however, the genotype—phenotype correlations remain unclear. Carvacrol is a component of some medicinal plants, such as black cumin Nigella sativaoregano Origanum compactumMonarda didyma, Origanum dictamnus, Ovwrweight microphyllum, Origanum onites, Origanum scabrum, Origanum vulgarethyme Thymus glandulosussavory Satureja hortensis Aligiannis et al. Abstract Background Obesity, one of the most common chronic health conditions worldwide, is a multifactorial disease caused by complex genetic and environmental interactions. Several in vitro and in vivo studies described different bioactivity of carvacrol nutrient, including antibacterial, antioxidant, antiseptic, antispasmodic, growth promoter, antifungal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, antitussive, immunomodulatory and chemopreventive as well as modifier of rumen microbial fermentation and reduction of methane emission Luna et al. Eur J Clin Nutr.

  • Lipids Health Dis.

  • Out of the 76 captured variants that have been reported to be arga associated with obesity in Arab countries worldwide, 55 variants located in 35 different genes were found to exhibit genotype-phenotype correlations that are shared between Arab and non-Arab populations, given the fact that they were reported in association with obesity in both Arabs and non-Arabs.

  • Int J Obes.

  • Drug and Chemical Toxicology43 2 ,

Genetic polymorphisms associated with type 2 diabetes in the Arab world: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The two LEP variants rs and rs, which have been associated with obesity in Tunisia Table 1were reported to be associated with breast cancer and systemic lupus erythematosus in Chinese and Mexican populations Table 1. Central control of body weight and appetite. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. Lipids Health Dis. View author publications. The NIH tools categorizes studies as either good, fair, or poor.

Structure and biological activities of polysaccharide purified from Senegrain seed. Facciola S Cornucopia — a source book of edible plants. Arabian Journal of Wrfaovereating irritable bowel syndrome 7 These variants have been significantly associated with congenital heart defects in Iran, type 2 diabetes mellitus in China, migraine in China, and cervical cancer in China [ 55565758 ] Table S3. Ile35Ser and was predicted to likely be pathogenic [ 36 ] Table 1Table S3. Peganum harmala.

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Obesity and diabetes mellitus in the Arab world. The remaining genes had one or two variants each Table 1. Aeschbach et al. Iraq Med J.

Anticancer overwweight biological properties of leaf and flower extracts of Echinacea purpurea L. The study of the rs FTO gene polymorphism in association with obesity and the management of obesity in a Romanian cohort. Mill as a Source of Bioactive Compounds. Molecules25 9 Zarre S Systematic revision of Astragalus sect. Iraqi J Med Sci. Boulos L Medicinal plants of North Africa.

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Moreover, the residual of carvacrol or its derivatives in urine was very small after one day only; this phenomenon is a strong indicator of the high speed of the carvacrol metabolism and excretion during the first day. Association between four resistin polymorphisms, obesity, and metabolic syndrome parameters in Tunisian volunteers. Ritchie H. Open-array analysis of genetic variants in Egyptian patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity. PRDM16 gene polymorphism is associated with obesity and blood lipids profiles in Saudi population.

Nevertheless, further studies need to be performed to highlight the significance of these genes in contributing to the direct pathogenesis of obesity. Marchand el al. American Univ in Cairo Press; Revised : 27 April Obes Res Clin Pract. Conclusions There appears to be a unique genetic and clinical susceptibility profile of obesity in Arab patients.

Other Ben Arfa in France

The aforementioned authors added that the treatment with carvacrol restored and controlled the damage of DNA and the reductions in mitochondrial arfa overweight which induced by D-galactosamine. Implication of genetic variants in overweight and obesity susceptibility among the young Arab population of the United Arab Emirates. The study of the rs FTO gene polymorphism in association with obesity and the management of obesity in a Romanian cohort.

The existence of hydroxyl group OH which linked to aromatic ring is suggested to be the reason for the highly antioxidant activity of carvacrol either in vitro or in vivo mohamed ali ben arfa overweight explained by Aeschbach et al. The NIH tools categorizes studies as either good, fair, or poor. Conclusions There appears to be a unique genetic and clinical susceptibility profile of obesity in Arab patients. Moreover, the residual of carvacrol or its derivatives in urine was very small after one day only; this phenomenon is a strong indicator of the high speed of the carvacrol metabolism and excretion during the first day. Egypt J Med Hum Genet.

Shabana HasnainS. Google Scholar. Loktionov A. The FTO gene is one of the most common genes that has been studied around the world in association with obesity [ 40 ]. LEP regulates the leptin-melanocortin signaling pathway, which regulates appetite and energy homoeostasis Table S3.

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Chemical Data Collections31 Moreover, because of recently available genome-wide association studies, over genetic variants have been associated with polygenic obesity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry56 19 ,

June Leptin gene tetranucleotide repeat polymorphism in obese individuals in Egypt. Table S1. This section needs to be updated. Int J Health Sci Qassim. Akrout A The study of chemical compositions of essential oils of three pastoral plants from Matmata south Tunisia in French.

Synthetic Communications50 10 Endocr Res. Anonymous Studies on the cytotoxicity and antimicrobial effects of the extract of Ajuga multiflora Bunge. El-HadaryMohamed Fawzy Ramadan. Wang RZ C4 plants in the deserts of China: occurrence of C4 photosynthesis and its morphological functional types.

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Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat accumulates to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to increased health problems. Obesity etiology is known to be multifactorial, involving a complex interplay between genes and environment [ 26 ]. But, a minor route of carvacrol metabolism is transformation of the end methyl groups to primary alcohols. Genetic polymorphisms associated with type 2 diabetes in the Arab world: a systematic review and meta-analysis. On the contrary, Sokmen et al.

Available by International centre for underutilized crops online. Variants with unique genotype—phenotype correlations in the Ovefweight world Out of the 76 captured variants that have been reported to be significantly associated with obesity in Arab world countries, 19 variants were found to exhibit genotype-phenotype correlations that are unique to Arabs, given the fact that they were reported to be distinctively associated with obesity among Arab, but not non-Arab populations. J Obes. To date, no comprehensive systematic review has been conducted to investigate the genetic risk factors for obesity among Arabs. Vol 39 3.

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In an experiment on male albino rats, Austgulen et al. Lee et al. Carvacrol plays a key role mohamed ali ben arfa overweight antiviral arra against human rotavirus RV. Science New York, NY. This systematic review was designed to comprehensively assess all genetic variations significantly associated with obesity risk in Arab countries. The aforementioned authors added that the treatment with carvacrol restored and controlled the damage of DNA and the reductions in mitochondrial enzymes which induced by D-galactosamine.

Skip to main content Thank you for visiting nature. Revised : 27 April Season at a glance Live tables Fixtures Scores. Download citation. Improving submission quality: the PAMJ moves for a stricter adherence to existing writing guidelines 08 Jun Turk J Biol —58 Google Scholar. Vol 39 3.

The Arab genome: health and wealth. Variation in the heritability of body mass index based on diverse twin studies: a systematic review. A minor metabolite resulting from ring hydroxylation has also been detected.

Mastelic J, Kustrak D Essential overweoght and glycosidically bound volatiles in aromatic plants. Younes N, Zayed H. Association between Leptin gene polymorphisms and plasma leptin level in three consanguineous families with obesity. The strengths of this study lie in the fact that it is the first systematic study to comprehensively summarize all reported obesity-associated genetic polymorphisms in the Arab world.

Moreover, antioxidants inhibit prostaglandin synthesis and induct drug-metabolizing mohamed ali ben arfa overweight in addition to many biological activities as reported by Azirak and Rencuzogullari Diabetes Metab. Marchand et al. Trabace et al. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. View author publications. Obesity, one of the most common chronic health conditions worldwide, is a multifactorial disease caused by complex genetic and environmental interactions.

Jeobp 14 1 —22 Google Scholar. Indian Journal of Microbiology58 2 Biological activities of melanin pigment extracted from Bombyx mori gut-associated yeast Cryptococcus overweigght KY Journal of Functional Foods74 Relationship between leptin GA and leptin receptor QR gene polymorphisms and obesity and metabolic syndrome risk in Tunisian volunteers. Volume 39 5. Bradly Sinden wins silver after agonising defeat in Taekwondo final that saw him 'give away the prize' Giles claims bronze Moves like Jagger!

Istanbul University publications, Istanbul, pp — Google Scholar. We identified 76 variants in 49 genes Table 1Table S3. Phytochemistry 12 7 — CrossRef Google Scholar.

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Spreng lemon grass from Tunisia. Intracellular lipid accumulation in liver and muscle and the insulin resistance syndrome. Vitamin D receptor gene polymorphisms are associated with obesity and inflammosome activity. Laurocerasus officinalis Roem. All citations were exported to Endnote X9, and duplicate citations were removed. J Obes.

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Laurocerasus officinalis Roem. Obesity susceptibility loci in Qataris, a highly consanguineous Arabian population. Food Chem — Google Scholar. MachaSurinder K.

ENW EndNote. Ann Pharm Fr Google Scholar. Volatile profiling, afra composition and biological activities of aerial parts of seven Poaceae species. Therefore, most studies in the field of obesity include other metabolic syndromes, and most of the time, the patient group had obesity as well as other metabolic syndromes. SolankeTarun K. KanchugarkoppalMantelingu Kempegowda. Plantes Med Phytother — Google Scholar.

Carvacrol is molecule that has crucial bioactivities on poultry and animal physiology and metabolism Reiner et al. Botsoglou et al. Antioxidant Activity and Scavenging of Free Radicals. From obesity genetics to the future of personalized obesity therapy. A total of full-text articles were assessed for eligibility, among which 59 studies met our inclusion criteria and were included in the systematic review Fig. Genome-wide association study reveals three susceptibility loci for common migraine in the general population. Genetic polymorphisms, mediterranean diet and microbiota-associated urolithin metabotypes can predict obesity in childhood-adolescence.

PRDM16 gene polymorphism is associated with obesity and blood lipids profiles in Saudi population. Curr Diab Rep. Monogenic leptin deficiency in early childhood obesity. Introduction Obesity is a chronic health condition in which excessive body fat has built up to a level that may cause negative health consequences.

Propionic acidemia in the Arab World. Among the 76 mohamed ali ben arfa overweight in 49 different genes, two variants were unique to Arabs LEP : c. Carvacrol is bdn component of some medicinal plants, such as black cumin Nigella sativaoregano Origanum compactumMonarda didyma, Origanum dictamnus, Origanum microphyllum, Origanum onites, Origanum scabrum, Origanum vulgarethyme Thymus glandulosussavory Satureja hortensis Aligiannis et al. Formerly, Ultee et al. The first category included variants with unique genotype—phenotype correlations in Arabs; i. Int J Zool Res. Anti-inflammatory and Anti-hypernociceptive Effects.

The variant c. LEP regulates the leptin-melanocortin signaling mohaemd, which regulates appetite and energy mohamed ali ben arfa overweight Table S3. Review Article. The current review covers many important aspects including the mechanisms of action, metabolism and excretion, biological activities and beneficial applications of carvacrol in animal and poultry production and health. Younes, S. The structural formula of carvacrol is shown in Figure 1.

  • Carvacrol is highly lipophilic; the solubility of carvacrol is very high in carbon tetrachlorideethanoldiethyl etheracetone ; but insoluble in water Ultee et al. Association between Leptin gene polymorphisms and plasma leptin level in three consanguineous families with obesity.

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  • A common variant in the FTO gene is associated with body mass index and predisposes to childhood and adult obesity. Genet Test Mol Biomarkers.

Obesity and overweight. Int J Obes Improving submission mohamed ali ben arfa overweight the PAMJ moves for a stricter adherence to existing writing guidelines 08 Jun More scores. Study quality assessment tools [citedMarch 30]. Extractable and macromolecular antioxidants of Opuntia ficus-indica cladodes: Phytochemical profiling, antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Super Cup.

There appears to be a unique genetic and clinical susceptibility profile of obesity in Arab patients. BMC Medical Genetics. IL6 levels increase with increasing body fat content, and it plays an important role in glucose disposal, lipolysis, and fat oxidation. Intracellular lipid accumulation in liver and muscle and the insulin resistance syndrome. Hypersensitivity of nociceptive pathways causes inflammatory hyperalgesia or it could be called hypernociception. As well, Aydin et al. Influence of adiposity-related genetic markers in a population of saudi arabians where other variables influencing obesity may be reduced.

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The remaining variants in this category were primarily located in FTO and LEPwith mohamed ali ben arfa overweight and four variants in each gene, respectively. Several modes of action could be obtained by using phytogenic additives, such as affecting feed consumption, enhancing digestive enzymes secretion and increasing the motility of the digestive tract; antimicrobial activity, antiviral activity, antioxidative activity, endocrine and immune stimulation; anthelminthic, coccidiostat and anti-inflammatory activity Aky urek and Yel, A novel homozygous missense mutation of the leptin gene NK in an obese Egyptian patient. Association between Leptin gene polymorphisms and plasma leptin level in three consanguineous families with obesity. The strengths of this study lie in the fact that it is the first systematic study to comprehensively summarize all reported obesity-associated genetic polymorphisms in the Arab world.

Among the 49 genes that have been reported, the FTO gene, reported in 14 different articles, was the most frequently studied gene among Arab patients with obesity. Notably, these overweihgt have been associated with other clinical conditions i. Given the complex nature of obesity and the fact that it does not follow a typical Mendelian transmission pattern, it is believed that several susceptibility genes with low or moderate effects play a role in predisposition to the disease [ 3132 ]. Obesity, one of the most common chronic health conditions worldwide, is a multifactorial disease caused by complex genetic and environmental interactions. Arabs are a major panethnic group comprising 22 countries [ 7 ]. Canbek et al.

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All remaining genes were reported only once or twice Table 1. Redirected from Etoile Sportive de Metlaoui. Adv Plant Glycos Chem Biol. Quarterman Publication, Inc. Int J Obes. An obesity-associated FTO gene variant and increased energy intake in children. Advertise with the PAMJ.

  • Obesity in arabic-speaking countries. Table S4.

  • Insights into the multifactorial causation of obesity by integrated genetic and epigenetic analysis.

  • Acknowledgements Open access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

  • Acknowledgements Open access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.

Otol Neurotol. Macrophyllium and sect. Harwood Academic, Overweight Google Scholar. New ovfrweight has formed a perfect circle for the first time ahead of track cycling events starting in Tokyo Kyle Sinckler facing a minimum of a week ban after being cited for 'biting' Franco Mostert in the Lions' feisty second Test defeat by South Africa. Bing Site Web Enter search term: Search.

Quality assessment and data extraction were performed individually by three investigators. In this systematic review, we captured 76 genetic variants from 59 qrfa studies, comprising 15, cases and controls. We excluded duplicate publications, studies on animal subjects, studies conducted on non-Arabs, case series, review articles, and articles not in the English language. Endocrinol Metabol Clin North Am. Over the past decade, researchers have started to sequence Arab genomes through national projects in hopes of defining disease-associated genetic polymorphisms for gene disorders in Arabs and to establish meaningful genotype—phenotype correlations.

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Mohamed S, El-Askary A. Mosby, New York, pp — Google Scholar. AbrahamNirala Ramchiary. Canadian diver Pamela Ware scores a 0.

  • The LEP gene overwegiht globally been reported to contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity [ 52 ]. Among the 76 variants, two were described as unique to Arabs, as they have not been previously reported in other populations, and 19 were reported to be distinctively associated with obesity in Arabs but not in non-Arab populations.

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  • Mammalian genome: official journal of the International Mammalian Genome. Genetic epidemiology of type 1 diabetes in the 22 Arab Countries.

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The remaining oferweight variants were classified into two different categories based on their genotype—phenotype correlation. The number of captured variants comprised 76 located within or near 49 genes Table 1Table S3and Fig. Therefore, impaired IL6 represents a risk factor for increased body weight Table S3. Despite precluding a meta-analysis, key findings were reported narratively. The variant c.

Curr Top Phytochem — Google Scholar. Propionic acidemia in the Arab World. Mangena Mohamed ali ben arfa overweight, Muyima NYO Mohaamed evaluation of the antimicrobial activities of essential oils of Artemisia afraPteronia incana and Rosmarinus officinalis on selected bacteria and yeast strains. From obesity genetics to the future of personalized obesity therapy. Mol Genet Metab. Earthscan, London Google Scholar.

  • Reprints and Permissions. Obesity is a chronic health condition in which excessive body fat has built up to a level that may cause negative health consequences.

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  • Botsoglou et al.

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Association between four resistin polymorphisms, obesity, and metabolic syndrome parameters in Tunisian volunteers. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. Variants with unique genotype—phenotype overweighy in the Arab world Out of the 76 captured variants that have been reported to be significantly associated with obesity in Arab world countries, 19 variants were found to exhibit genotype-phenotype correlations that are unique to Arabs, given the fact that they were reported to be distinctively associated with obesity among Arab, but not non-Arab populations. Genet Test Mol Biomarkers. The Qatar genome project: translation of whole-genome sequencing into clinical practice. Carvacrol is a hydrophobic compound and has an effective impact on biological membranes. Oman Med J.

It has been primarily associated with a higher risk of migraines, as revealed by a large GWAS of oveweight patients [ 59 ]. Multiple genetic variations confer risks for obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus in arab descendants from UAE. Volume 39 7. Acta Pharmaceut 47 2 — Google Scholar. Keywords: Opuntia ficus-indica var.

Johny et al. Insights into the multifactorial causation of obesity by integrated genetic and epigenetic analysis. Adiponectin IT gene polymorphism and the obesity-related effects on the Japanese female population.

Finally, we investigated the significant and unique genes and arfa overweight associated with obesity in Arab countries and further classified them as common or unique in terms of the manifested phenotype among other ethnic groups. Arsi et al. View author publications. Formerly, Ultee et al. Int J Health Sci Qassim. Association of interleukin-6 polymorphisms with obesity and metabolic alterations in young Saudi population. Expert Rev Hematol.

Phytochemistry 12 ben arfa overweight — CrossRef Google Scholar. A total of full-text articles were assessed for eligibility, among which 59 studies met our inclusion criteria and were included in the systematic review Fig. FTO is highly expressed in the hypothalamus and functions as a regulator of appetite and energy expenditure [ 41424344 ] Table S3. AshaR. Hassanien Bey AM The lost oases. Chemical characterization, computational analysis and biological views on Daphne gnidioides Jaub. Phytochemical profile and antioxidant activity of Dracocephalum moldavica L.

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  • A novel homozygous missense mutation of the leptin gene NK in an obese Egyptian patient.

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More scores. Ibiss Press, p Google Scholar. Pediatric Obesity Etiology, Pathogenesis and Treatment. Association between Leptin gene polymorphisms and plasma leptin level in three consanguineous families with obesity.

Press, Baghdad. Among the 49 genes included in this systematic review, FTO was the most frequently studied gene in Arab patients with obesity reported in 14 different articles Table 1Table S3. To gain a better understanding of the ethnic distribution of the captured variants and whether they are distinctive to Arab populations i. Food Research International,

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