Advertisement

Sign up for our daily newsletter

Advertisement

Post pregnancy workouts weight lose – Lose The Baby Weight Exercises To Get Into Shape After Pregnancy (TRANSFORM YOUR BODY)

You do want to choose a workout plan that is geared for beginners, even if you were used to participating in more advanced ones. More common postpartum symptoms include weight gain and flabby tummies, along with poor posture and low energy levels.

Lucas Cox
Wednesday, May 1, 2019
Advertisement
  • I started exercising slowly at first -- just walks around the neighborhood, pushing the stroller.

  • Press the right hand and lift your straight legs off the floor, now bring your torso toward your legs. How long do I have to wait before starting a workout plan after pregnancy?

  • To wrap it up, losing weight after having a baby can be very frustrating and time consuming but with this list of tips, you can do it! Everyone is different, so your doctor can help determine when it's safe to exercise or return to exercise after giving birth.

Top-Selling Attire

Losing weight after pregnancy doesn't need to be—and can't be—a full-time job. I walked with my daughter a little bit every single day, whether lose weight was down the street, around the backyard, at the grocery store, or at the mall. Instead, I started eating four to five small meals a day and cooking low-fat, easy dishes like broiled fish and chicken with steamed veggies and swapping pasta for whole grains like quinoa and brown rice. Along with core strength, you'll want to incorporate cardio into your routine.

Stretching and twisting will start the process of strengthening and toning your muscles. And when it comes to fashion, it's how you feel in the clothes you wear that matter the most. To check for diastasis, lie on your back with your knees bent. Easy Exercises For New Moms.

Getting flatter abs workous losing overall body fat with a combination of exercise and a healthy diet. Why the Breakup Diet Really Works. Tell us what you think According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention CDC more than 50 percent of women who get pregnant are either overweight of obese at the time of conception and only about one third of these women gain the recommended amount of weight during pregnancy. We'd stroll for anywhere from 15 minutes to an hour a day, depending on how long my baby would stay into it.

Bridging Exercises: Lose exercises will help tone your tummy, bottom, and thigh muscles. I wouldn't let myself buy any new clothing, so my choices were maternity wear or pre-pregnancy wear. Plus, losing too much weight more than or two pounds a week can actually release toxins that wind up in your milk. Close this dialog window Add a comment. Consult your doctor or health professional and follow all safety instructions before beginning any exercise program.

How Long Will It Take to Get Back Into Shape?

Back Raises. Under Armour. But if you don't have a celebrity trainer and want to consume more than just juiceall the advice being thrown at you may be confusing. Afshariani R.

How hard you are willing to work to achieve your results will play a large role in the effectiveness of a workout plan, along with your overall health and metabolism when you start. A low calorie diet is likely to be lacking in important nutrients and will probably leave you feeling tired. Home Workouts. Stand with your feet hip-distance apart.

Your post pregnancy workouts weight lose needs time to recover and heal after pregnancy and childbirthso try not to rush the process. Bring your knees between your wrists one after the other. When pregnajcy happens it could be a sign that you are ready to move your workout up to the next level. Figuring out what to do when you find out you're pregnant can be overwhelming, but we're here to help. A goblet is similar to its cousin, the regular squat. With balancing on your arms, stretch your whole body behind you. Most weight loss methods are unproven and ineffective.

Congratulations on your new baby! We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Find out what you can do to help your body bounce back and lose the baby weight in a healthy way. Begin making small backward rotating movements, but be sure to keep your shoulders still while doing so.

related stories

This workout workotus not work your torso only, but it also works your lower body such as your thighs and calves. Even if you had a C-section your pelvic muscles have been stretched, and these simple exercises are one of the best ways to get them back in shape. It works a great amount in a short period of time.

The beauty of home workouts is you can stay near your baby and yet concentrate on your fitness plan too. Put it to good use. You may also like. This squat helps you go deeper than your regular squat version. In one study75 percent of women were heavier 1 year after giving birth than they had been before pregnancy.

ALSO READ: Not Eating All Day To Lose Weight

Here are a few tips to follow and how you are going to structure your weekly workouts. Starting post pregnancy workouts weight lose regular exercise program after giving birth is great for your health and also slashes down the risk of postpartum depression. Your body did an amazing thing. This post-pregnancy workout is designed to target the muscles that you need to keep up with your little one and regain your strength, including your core, arms, and thighs. Additionally, research has shown that breastfeeding can support your postpartum weight loss. Exercise Exercise, when coupled with a healthy diet, can help you get back into shape. Any of these symptoms alone or combined could result also result in depression.

  • But in saying this, almost all women are eager to lose their post-baby weight as quickly as possible. I started exercising slowly at first -- just walks around the neighborhood, pushing the stroller.

  • It tones your obliques and shapes your abdomen.

  • Developing healthy eating and exercise habits that favor weight loss may be more challenging in the postpartum period if you also struggled before pregnancy which can make losing postpartum baby weight more challenging. You may be surprised how much so.

  • Best of all you can do Kegels practically anywhere.

  • Start with one set of 10 to 16 reps of each exercise 2 to 3 times a week, adjusting that to fit what feels right to you.

Post Pregnancy Workout Plans after a C-section. Read on to learn all about how to safely lose weight after having a baby and how long that might take, as well as how breastfeeding can help shed some pounds. Try it to feel the benefits. Best Calisthenics Exercises for Beginners: Benefits, and Yes, you want to get back to your pre-pregnancy shape. Exercise, when coupled with a healthy diet, can help you get back into shape. If this seems difficult for you, drop down to your knees.

This workout also works your core muscles. Home Workouts. Try it to feel the benefits. Mimic your toddler as you start walking forward on all fours. Though they may be tempting, sugar and refined carbs are high in calories and usually low in nutrients.

11 Reasons You Struggle To Lose Baby Weight

Arm Circles. Here, five tips she gives her post-preg clients. If you're struggling to figure out what to eat, Duvall says to ask yourself questions like, "Are there enough colors on my plate?

  • Body Changes.

  • So even just going for a walk is a good step toward improving your weight and health.

  • Log in with your credentials. The rest of your exercise time should zero in on rebuilding your strength-especially core strength, which Duvall says takes a major hit during delivery.

  • Do 12 reps on one side and then repeat on the other leg.

  • When the exercise routines are combined with the healthy meal plans, it can also help you lose weight. Assuming your weight is currently stable, decreasing your calorie intake by about calories per day will stimulate safe weight loss of about 1.

  • Lower yourself back to the floor. Lower knees to floor, resting for 30 seconds before resuming.

And yes, breastfeed! If your primary health care provider does approve the use kose a supplement it is extremely important that you follow the dosing schedule and instructions. Targets: abs, obliques, post pregnancy workouts weight lose, and butt Get into plank position abs engaged, back straight, forearms on floor, legs extended. Exercise, when coupled with a healthy diet, can help you get back into shape. Finding a route with a few gentle hills can even increase the difficulty, and this can help you burn a few extra calories. Your friends and family can also help you stay motivated, especially during plateaus.

Looking to lose weight? On the flip side, there will also workouts weight days when all you want to do is eat -- but if you keep only low-fat and nutritious foods at home, then you won't have to feel too guilty for snacking a bit more than normal. Save Pin FB More. You might feel like you have low endurance, you're tired, you're uncoordinated. Having nutritious snacks on hand helped prevent the weight I lost while breastfeeding from creeping back after I stopped.

Top Navigation

Home based post pregnancy focused workouts are convenient and private. Yes, you want to get back to your pre-pregnancy shape. November 10, - am. More common postpartum symptoms include weight gain and flabby tummies, along with poor posture and low energy levels.

Stack right foot on top of left. It also activates the arms and chest muscles. Just listen to your body. According to a studydrinking water may increase your sense of fullness and stimulate your metabolism, leading to weight loss. Exercising with others can be more fun, and it gives you a chance to combine exercise with socializing. Lie down on the right side.

Weighing in once a week is a great way to track your progress, and give you a pregnacy motivational boost when you start to see the pounds falling off. There are also a few benefits associated with starting an exercise plan. Studies indicate that exercising regularly after a C-section can. You will also start out with twenty minute workouts and they rarely increase of 40 minutes, even on an advanced post pregnancy workout plan. This is also a benefit of the cardio, along with increased energy levels. Targets: hamstrings and butt Lie on your back with knees bent, feet flat on the floor, arms by your sides.

Profile Menu

While that's great for preparing to get a baby out, Duvall says it's not-so-great for pregnancu leaks and supporting our reproductive organs post-delivery. Fitness guru and mom Tracy Anderson helped Gwyneth Paltrow get back in shape post-baby—and she wants to help you, too. One of the first things new moms notice after having a baby is that they may still look several months pregnant for a while after giving birth.

Allow your arms to rest easily at your sides with your palms facing down. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Read her pregnanfy and diet tips for new moms. On the flip side, there will also be days when all you want to do is eat -- but if you keep only low-fat and nutritious foods at home, then you won't have to feel too guilty for snacking a bit more than normal. No comments yet. Knowing I could stop my workout and check in on her at any time, I loved having a little me-time to exercise, sauna, and shower at a leisurely pace.

It pot an extra to calories a day, which helps reduce some of the fat you gained during pregnancy. While exercise is the most ideal way to burn the most calories, there are other ways to burn calories throughout your day without actually working out. It makes sense: To deliver a little one, the pelvis opens up. Put both your hands perpendicular to your body by stretching them out. The hip twister plank is like a two-in-one exercise for women who are looking to get back to their pre-pregnancy form. I made a ton and froze the leftovers so I wasn't cooking all week long. Save Pin More.

Top Navigation

Your back should be relaxed and not curved or arched. Holding your ab muscles in as tightly as you can and keeping your shoulders just above your elbows, slowly start rotating your torso from side to side dropping your hip to the floor as you go. Breastfeeding can help you lose weight. I'd use my son Carter during squats, sit-ups, and arm lifts. Last Updated on March 13,

  • Body Changes. If you had a C-section, you may need to wait several weeks before starting any kind of activity.

  • The extra fat acts as an energy reserve for the birth and breastfeeding.

  • Woman working out with trainer.

  • Mom: Megan; Highland Mills, New York Lost: 25 pounds in 4 months For the first few weeks after my baby was born, I kept her diaper changing station downstairs, which was easier while my body recovered from labor.

Added calorie burn! Hold this position for five seconds and repeat this exercise 10 times on each side. The American College of Obstetrics and Pegnancy suggests that if you were active before pregnancy and had a normal vaginal birth with no complications, you may be able to start walking and doing basic strengthening for the abs, back, and pelvis as soon as you feel able. There are about a billion tips for how to lose baby weight fast, but Duvall says self-care is the most important thing you can do for both you and your family. Mom: Deanna; Atlanta, Georgia Lost: 30 pounds in 2 months I'd use my son Carter during squats, sit-ups, and arm lifts. Always seek the direct advice of your own doctor in connection with any questions or issues you may have regarding your own health or the health of others.

I kept things simple with a few rules:. This doesn't mean you shouldn't be doing ab exercises because you can still strengthen the muscles that have stretched and possibly weakened during pregnancy. I walked with my daughter a little bit every single day, whether it was down the street, around the backyard, at the grocery store, or at the mall. Put both your hands perpendicular to your body by stretching them out. I'd also freeze Twinkies or some other splurgy dessert for when I was craving something just plain baaaad -- you're much less likely to pound down four at once this way.

Final Thoughts On Losing Baby Weight

You also elevate your heart rate as you feel an awesome cardio burn. Kegels are exercises that are designed to tighten the pelvic muscles, and they are an important part of any post pregnancy workout. Top Posts. While this is a symptom often associated with postpartum it is not the only one.

Plus, there's such an incredibly long list of benefits besides your health—your mental state, your ability to perform, your plst throughout the day—that the time you put into exercise truly pays off in helping you be a more present parent. When putting together a workout, choose exercises that work multiple muscles so that you strengthen your entire body while saving time. You need proper fuel to feed and care for your baby, and sometimes that has a higher calorie count. You may be yearning to jump into an ab program, but these muscles may need some TLC once your doctor has cleared you for exercise. That's why Duvall suggests multitasking.

ALSO READ: Bmi Einteilung Von

Mom: Maureen; Cheverly, Maryland Lost: 50 pounds post pregnancy workouts weight lose in months Having nutritious loss on hand helped prevent the weight I lost while breastfeeding from creeping back after I stopped. Close this dialog window View image. As well as your inner thigh area, the carving curtsey also works the abs, obliques, buttocks, quads and hamstrings. I still had 45 pounds to go two weeks after my daughter arrived. This separation of the large abdominal muscles, which Dr. Forgot your details?

I stopped my daily Starbucks runs I'd always eat some kind of pastry whenever I'd go there and limited alcohol to no more than two cocktails a week. All rights reserved. Sign Up. With your elbows bent, lower your hips towards the floor until your arms are parallel to it. Your back should be straight and aligned with the buttocks, and your forearms and toes touching the floor with the legs extended. Hold for three seconds and go back to the original position. So even if can't make it to the gym during the day, at least know I did a little something to help.

How Much Weight Might You Need to Lose?

The good news is that you might lose as much as 20 pounds 9 kg in the first few weeks after giving birth. Put it to good use. Spice it up.

The donkey kick works a pregnanfy of large muscle groups. Consistent aerobic training will help you burn excess calories and stabilise your metabolism. Aerobics must be done at least workouts weight lose to three times a week. I walked with my daughter a little bit every single day, whether it was down the street, around the backyard, at the grocery store, or at the mall. So after a few months, I made a couple of small but significant changes. If you think you might have diastasis recti, talk to your doctor so she can recommend a course of action, as it can lead to back pain and pelvic floor-related issues, like incontinence. Sign Up.

Everyone is different, so your doctor can help determine when it's safe to exercise or return poost exercise after giving birth. You might also wonder why it takes so long for your belly to shrink, how to lose the baby weight, and whether your body will ever be the same. When you're just starting out, go slow and easy. Practicing self care by staying active and eating healthy is one of the best things your children can see you do. You also acknowledge that owing to the limited nature of communication possible on interactive elements on the site, any assistance, or response you receive is provided by the author alone.

How hard you are willing to work to achieve your results will play a large post pregnancy workouts weight lose in the effectiveness of a workout plan, along with your overall health and metabolism when you start. If you need to, work your way up to strenuous workouts; if all you can do in the beginning is 10 minutes of cardio, start there and build on that. Lie down on the right side. Just ensure you get your form correct.

  • Kelly-Jones suggests tracking your meals and snacks with a free app like MyFitnessPal. The fitness icon is mom to Sam and Penelope, and she gets it.

  • Get on to the plank pose with shoulders over your wrists. Holding this position, switch feet over and under each other 8 times.

  • Of course, I learned that that wasn't ideal for the baby or me. Even then, you may still have a little fat around the lower belly.

  • Hannah Thursday 18th of March Log in with your credentials.

  • Create an account.

Engage core and squeeze butt to lift off the floor, pressing heels into the ground. Ask post pregnancy workouts weight lose help. Not all workout plans require you to track your weight, though it does have some advantages. But doing whatever you can to get adequate sleep will benefit you. It works and strengthens most of the muscle groups. Here's how to keep both you and your baby healthy while breastfeeding. Talk to your healthcare provider before beginning or resuming exercise after childbirth.

It might take about 6 to 12 months to get close to your pre-pregnancy weight. After your healthcare professional gives you the go-ahead to start exercisingthe CDC recommends that postpartum people do at least minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic physical activity, such as brisk walking, spread throughout the week. Read this next. You will want your diet to be low in fat and sugar, but high in lean protein and dairy. November 24, - am. Your friends and family can also help you stay motivated, especially during plateaus.

Just ensure you get your form correct. Do this for 30 days straight or twice a week to see and feel a…. Choose from the above-described post-pregnancy weight loss exercises and structure your own weight loss exercise programs. What is the best way to stay motivated?

Shop Women's Athletic. So I hired a personal trainer who really kicked my butt twice a week. One of the first things new moms notice after having a baby is that they may still look several months pregnant for a while after giving birth. Hold this position for five seconds and repeat this exercise 10 times on each side. Along with core strength, you'll want to incorporate cardio into your routine. Evidence shows that there is a direct association between weight gain during pregnancy, increased birth weight and postpartum weight retention. But in saying this, almost all women are eager to lose their post-baby weight as quickly as possible.

Get yourself into the plank position by lying flat on your tummy and raising your entire body on the support of your forearms and toes. Depending on where you live, you may also have access to some type of "Baby and Me" classes. Taking care of your health is as important as taking care of the baby after delivery. Relaxin: pre- and postnatal exercise considerations. Verywell Fit uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Those first few workouts back are uncomfortable, but you have to know that getting through them will let you get to the next level and the next.

National Library post pregnancy workouts weight lose Medicine. And if you're like most women who, according to the Centers for Disease Controlgain more weight than what's officially recommended 25 to 35 pounds for those within a healthy BMI rangethen it's likely you feel pressure to figure out how to lose weight after baby, pronto. Resources and References: Kids Spot. While exercise is the most ideal way to burn the most calories, there are other ways to burn calories throughout your day without actually working out. Body Changes. Another simple yet effective exercise to tone up your triceps and back is the tricep dip.

Profile Menu

Now, keep repeating the movement one after the other, pushing your body into a nice rhythm. Involve your baby. No one can answer this question except your primary health care provider and it will depend on several factors, the most important one being whether or not you are breast feeding. Research has shown that a combination of diet and resistance training has been found to be the most effective method for reducing weight and improving heart health. Your body has been through several changes and under a lot of stress, and this can make it more susceptible to injury.

Getting Help From Your Healthcare Provider Diet and exercise are the post pregnancy workouts weight lose ways to lose weight healthily for most women, but in some cases, your healthcare provider may need to step in. In most cases you will need to consume more calories than a non-breastfeeding mom, but this is because they are needed to produce milk. Your baby has used about:. Graduate to full-blown push-ups when you feel stronger. So even just going for a walk is a good step toward improving your weight and health.

Read our editorial process to learn more about how workojts fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Use your freezer! Hold the pose for a few seconds and then lower your body to the start position. Fashion 3 Stylish Swimsuits For Resort Season As an experienced traveler, I usually pack three suits; one specifically for being active, a super cute one that is more for lounging than doing laps in the water, and a basic no-fuss backup. Consult your doctor or health professional and follow all safety instructions before beginning any exercise program.

Top 3 Post Pregnancy Workout Plans

Cancel Submit. Close Sign in. Regardless of your pregnancy fitness, though, Dr. Close this dialog window Add a comment.

Your recommended weight gain during pregnancy involves factors such as your pre-pregnancy body mass index, or BMI, pregnanct whether post pregnancy workouts weight lose are pregnant with one baby or two. Lift hips up, squeeze abs tight and bend knees to curl ball in toward you. No one can answer this question except your primary health care provider and it will depend on several factors, the most important one being whether or not you are breast feeding. Read this next. Pregnancy greatly impacts your abdominal muscles making them slack. Mountain climbers play a great role in boosting your fitness. Losing one to two pounds a week is what experts recommend as healthy for most women.

Mountain climbers play a great role in boosting your fitness. All new mums who are time-strapped, trying to fit in a lot in a stipulated time-frame, this exercise proves to be a great workout for them. Will I have to track my weight? Once you get the drift, increase the pace of the workout.

Ask friends and family for help around the house, preparing meals, or taking care of the baby for a few hours to allow you to rest or get some exercise. Ready to get started? Another study suggests there is no conclusive correlation between water consumption and weight loss.

Eat well and exercise because it makes you feel great, and focus on how amazing your baby is as well as all the good things in your life right now. Now, put your feet apart with a jump, bring your arms up above your head while you clap your hands. Bring your knees between your wrists one after the other. Processed foods, on the other hand, are often high in sugar, unhealthy fats, salt, and calories, all of which can counteract your weight loss efforts, according to the National Institutes of Health NIH.

Your shoulders should be touching the floor at all times. Gently push your hips upwards towards the ceiling as high as you can go while tilting your pelvis and pulling your navel inwards towards the spine. Published April Here are some full workouts that you can start with:.

Account Options

Lift hips up, squeeze abs tight and bend knees to curl ball in toward you. You can even try an elbow plank, by balancing on your elbows. The repetitive exercise routines will effectively tone and firm ab and stomach muscles, and this will improve your self—confidence. This squat helps you go deeper than your regular squat version.

Wight 29, - am. Also consider the Postpartum Support International Helpline : Weighing in once a week is a great way to track your progress, and give you a little motivational boost when you start to see the pounds falling off. Drinking enough water is vital for anyone trying to lose weight.

Ultrasound wor,outs doppler assessment of uterus during puerperium after normal delivery. You post pregnancy workouts weight lose even do these postpartum exercises with a sleeping baby in the house! Exercise and the correct nutrition are necessary to achieve and maintain muscle tone and weight loss. Pregnancy can weaken some areas of the abswhich is not surprising when you consider there was a baby squished in there for nine months. Developing healthy eating and exercise habits that favor weight loss may be more challenging in the postpartum period if you also struggled before pregnancy which can make losing postpartum baby weight more challenging.

The best post pregnancy workout plans for women after a C-section will also allow lose weight adjustments in its intensity worouts your strength and stamina improves. Of course, with a good eating plan and exercise, you should be able to achieve any healthy level of weight loss that your doctor gives the thumbs up. Your overall health, metabolism, and the amount of weight gained during pregnancy will all play a role in how long it takes before results are noticeable, along with your level of commitment. Swipe to select your baby's age: Please select your baby's age:.

One of the most effective equipment-free workouts on the planet. It is important not to obsess over the amount of weight you qorkouts losing since this can cause emotional and physical problems. On average women that breast feed burn an additional calories a day, and this is enough to prevent weight gain and encourage the excess pounds to come off. An effective core-activator, it proves as an endurance test for you.

Weight gain during prrgnancy is necessary and natural, but it's understandable to workouts weight lose to lose weight after having a baby. After pregnancy almost all women are looking for a workout plan that will tone their abs, and for some new mothers this is really all that they need. Of course, with a good eating plan and exercise, you should be able to achieve any healthy level of weight loss that your doctor gives the thumbs up. Consider adding pelvic floor exercises to help strengthen your core, and ease into strength training with the help of a video or an app, or working with a personal trainer. The same is also true if you had preexisting health issues before your pregnancy or have recently developed some.

Under Armour. Even the fittest moms may have trouble getting back to a physical activity routine. After the birth of my first baby, I had this expectation that the weight I gained from pregnancy would quickly melt away after she was born.

Mom: Deanna; Atlanta, Georgia Lost: 30 pounds in 2 months I'd use my son Carter during squats, sit-ups, and arm lifts. Mom: Christine; Providence, Rhode Island Lost: 24 pounds in 4 months with 8 pounds to go I make a point to eat a light breakfast usually an English muffin with margarine and jam at home every day instead of at the office, where it easily morphs into something enormous and sweet. Mom: Danielle; New York, New York Lost: 80 pounds in 6 months When I was down to the last 10 pounds, I increased the amount of water I drank, sipping a glass before, during, and after feeding the baby. Losing weight after pregnancy. Added calorie burn!

Over time, you'll find it easier to transition into higher-impact activities. I attribute it all to my dog. Do 12 reps on one side and then repeat on the other leg. Physical activity and exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period. After a couple of months, my clothes became looser and I started getting those wonderful "you look awesome!

6 Week Pregnancy Weight Loss

Woman on scale. Sign in. But you may not be able to do the same activities or intensities you did before your pregnancy—at least, not for a while. Added calorie burn! You'll also need clearance from your doctor.

Get onto the ground and start walking on all fours. Diet is extremely important, especially if you gave into temptation a few times over the last nine months. Get on to the plank pose with shoulders over your wrists. According to a studydrinking water may increase your sense of fullness and stimulate your metabolism, leading to weight loss. Get on the floor in a plank position. Make it harder: With back to bench, stand a foot in front of bench seat and bend elbows to clasp hands in front of chest.

ALSO READ: The Juice Well Cleanse To Lose Weight

Performing these exercises on a regular basis will help you get back into shape. Combine the plank exercise with the bridge to post pregnancy workouts weight lose even quicker results when it comes to tightening your midsection. New Balance. Rest for 30 seconds and repeat four to five times. Also, grab a half-piece of whole-grain toast so you get the crucial crunch-factor: Food you can chew makes you feel more satisfied, experts say. This means getting my workouts in takes some creativity and motivation.

Like the other activities, you'll want to start out slowly, even if you lifted weights before birth. To check for diastasis, lie on your back with your knees bent. Lift your head an inch off the ground and carefully press down with your fingers on your stomach. Maternal benefits of breastfeeding.

Read more about:

Sidebar1?
Sidebar2?