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Mental health effects of childhood obesity: Childhood Obesity Causes & Consequences

Canadian Medical Association Journal. The unhappy obese child.

Lucas Cox
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
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  • Healthy Living.

  • We conclude with a obesityy of recommendations to support the creation of solutions to the rise in childhood obesity rates that do not further marginalize overweight and obese children and youth and that can potentially improve the well-being of all children and youth regardless of their weight status. Childhood obesity has big health effects.

  • The effects of this weight bias can be seen even years later.

MeSH terms

Mental health effects of childhood obesity of weight-based teasing and emotional well-being among adolescents. In terms of mental health and wellness, this type of shift in paradigm could benefit all children and youth potentially for generations to come. This article provides an evidence based comprehensive overview about the psychological factors and psychiatric factors depression, anxiety, eating disorder, stress, body shape concerns, low self esteem associated with childhood obesity that can further be utilized in the evaluation and management of this epidemic. Thus, the relationship between obesity and anxiety may not be unidirectional and is certainly not conclusive.

Prevalence of binge-eating disorder in obese children and adolescents seeking weight-loss treatment. Wardle J, Cooke L. Looking good: family focus on appearance and the risk for eating disorders. The metatheory of resilience and resiliency. The article also elaborates the role of current evidence based psychological approaches such as Cognitive Behavior Therapy CBT for management of obesity in children and adolescents.

Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism. A number of studies have chilfhood higher prevalence of eating-related pathology i. Relation between dieting and weight change among preadolescents and adolescents. Commentary on child health and well-being Parents and teachers are important role models for influencing children's attitudes and behaviours towards their bodies. Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology.

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Then, another reviewer LM independently examined the titles and abstracts to identify suitable publications matching the selection criteria. Emerging literature on quality of life QOL is beginning to fill this gap. Association of depression with body mass index, sedentary behavior, and maladaptive eating attitudes and behaviors in 11 to year old children.

Overweight children have reported lower QOL than non-overweight peers [ 51 ]. Cornette RE. Russell-Mayhew S. Health Psychology.

  • Marmarosh, C. A recent review concluded that the majority of studies find a prospective relationship between eating disturbances and depression [ 24 ].

  • The relation between eating- and weight-related disturbances and depression in adolescence: a review.

  • Pauli-Pott et al Relevant data were extracted and narratively reviewed.

  • Share your thoughts Click here to cancel reply. Obese children are more likely to become obese adults, too.

Kurth B-M, Ellert U. The Counseling Psychologist. The focus of this paper is on psychosocial constructs as they relate to influencing the prevention of childhood obesityy and as such experiences from clinical settings or evidence of successful family-based treatment approaches are beyond the scope of this paper. Reclaiming children and youth. Effects of a weight maintenance diet on bulimic symptoms in adolescent girls: an experimental test of the dietary restraint theory. IHPR Logo. Child Adolescent Mental Health.

According to the Centers for Disease Control, Stay Informed. IHPR Logo. The study found that 26 percent of teens who were teased at school and home reported they had considered suicide, and 9 percent had attempted it. Boone-Heinonen, A. Bolton et al Trying to reach that ideal body weight bears self-esteem on an individual, and self-esteem leads to depression.

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In one of the only studies to approach childhood obesity from an asset model, Fenton et al. Shields M. Most research has not examined these psychosocial factors in one study, and this paper aims to look at these factors together.

An overweight or obese child has three times the risk for depression in adulthood as a normal-weight child. A theoretical model is proposed to organize the paper and reflect the current state of the literature and includes psychological factors i. Weight bias is prevalent and being stigmatized triggers a maladaptive cycle of poor mental and physical health, which compromise uptake of the health behaviours necessary for the prevention of obesity and overweight. Fulkerson, J.

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Associations between obesogenic risk and depressive symptomatology in Australian adolescents: a cross sectional study. Tremblay and J. Study designs included longitudinal, 29 — 32 cross-sectional, 33 — 37 cohort, 38 — 41 retrospective documentary analysis, 54243 and secondary analysis. As a result, a tween with obesity may feel out of place among their slimmer peers. Add to that the other emotional peaks and valleys of life, including the stress of moving to a new communitydifficulties in schoolor the death of a parent or a divorceand some children routinely overindulge in food.

  • But in general, if your child is obese, he is more likely to have low self-esteem than his thinner peers.

  • Figure 1. Gibson LY.

  • Research has not yet uncovered a clear model to elucidate these relationships. Obesity and overweight factsheet no.

  • Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate.

  • A study at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey found that obese girls ages 13 to 14 are four times more likely to experience low self-esteem than non-obese girls.

  • Predictors of fat stereotypes among 9-year-old girls and their parents. A number of studies have shown higher prevalence of eating-related pathology i.

Weight bias is prevalent and uk10k obesity in children stigmatized triggers a maladaptive cycle of poor mental and physical health, which compromise uptake of the health behaviours necessary for the prevention of obesity and overweight. Additionally, in a clinical sample of obese adolescents, a higher lifetime prevalence of anxiety disorders was reported compared to nonobese controls [ 26 ], although some studies demonstrate no significant relationship between increased BMI and increased anxiety symptoms [ 27 ]. Rates of psychiatric disorders in a clinical study group of adolescents with extreme obesity and in obese adolescents ascertained via a population based study. Cornette RE. Bromfield PV. The emergence of social ecological models for understanding obesity is useful for considering the range of influences that contribute to obesity [ 88 ].

External link. Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children 6th Edition. Geffken, and J. Braet, and V. Article Sources. Arch Gen Psychiatry. Family Life.

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The reasons for Latino childhood mental health effects of childhood obesity are complex, ranging from limited access to healthy foodmore access to sugary drinkshealth barriers in schoolso access to safe places to be physically activeand developmental issues. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. Abstract Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century with far-reaching and enduring adverse consequences for health outcomes. In terms of mental health and wellness, this type of shift in paradigm could benefit all children and youth potentially for generations to come. J Child Neurol.

In fact, no television at all for children ages two and under is recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. J Clin Psychol Med Settings. Low self-esteem and low self-efficacy, which are common in obese children, are also risk factors for eating disorders. Roth et al Reliable and convincing evidence is needed to inform policy, economic regulation interventions, and strategies to prevent OBy from affecting future generations. The strength of association between psychological disorders, psychosocial problems, and OW may also depend upon OBy stigma, teasing, and treatment-seeking children.

Weight science: evaluating the evidence for a paradigm shift. So while there is a level of confidence in the psychosocial factors, mediating variables and wellness factors presented in the model, the relationships between these variables are not clearly articulated through an examination of the literature. This article provides an evidence based comprehensive overview about the psychological factors and psychiatric factors depression, anxiety, eating disorder, stress, body shape concerns, low self esteem associated with childhood obesity that can further be utilized in the evaluation and management of this epidemic. Overweight children are even more concerned about weight than their normal-weight counterparts and even normal-weight children with high weight and shape concern report higher body dissatisfaction and depressive symptoms [ 20 ]. The article also discusses potential strategies to overcome those barriers.

Young people who show resilience have been found to have access to protective factors oobesity three broad areas: a within themselves, b in their families, and c within the communities in mental health effects they live [ 65 ]. Effects of a weight maintenance diet on bulimic symptoms in adolescent girls: an experimental test of the dietary restraint theory. More research is needed to determine the reasons for resilience in children that are overweight or obese [ 69 ]. Health promotion experts have a unique opportunity to build psychosocial resilience among individuals and communities in an effort to reduce or prevent weight-related disorders. Journal List J Obes v. Childhood obesity is a growing concern, and while progress has been made to understand the association between multiple biological factors i.

Introduction

Research mental health effects of childhood obesity consistently found that body satisfaction is higher in males than females at all ages [ 32 ]. With the rise in adolescent obesity and the increased use of social media influence on body image, its important to understand the associations between obesity and depression. Because this paper focused specifically on mental health and wellness in relation to the prevention of childhood obesity, some of the contextual i. Richardson GE. Significant improvements in physiological measures, health behaviours, and psychosocial outcomes like self-esteem and body image have been found to result from approaches that focus on weight-neutral rather than weight-loss goals [ 74 ].

In other words, tweens with obesity tended to be unhappy with themselves in various ways—including socially—not just unhappy with their appearance. Claus, C. Evaluation of treatment effects in obese children with co-morbid medical or psychiatric conditions. Suicide is the third leading cause of death among adolescents. Hyattsville, MD:

Obese children experience number of psycho-social problems that significantly affect their quality of life and wellbeing. Obesity Reviews. The impact obesity on psychological well-being. Childhood obesity has big health effects.

Depression, Obesity, Eating Behavior, and Physical Activity

The effect of gender and age on the association between weight status and health-related quality of life in Australian adolescents. Irrespective of age, very high prevalence rates of mood disorders Significantly higher lifetime prevalence of bulimia nervosa in weight-loss seeking patients with childhood OB onset compared with adult-onset OB. Story, P. Primary Care Provider Interventions As primary care providers it is important to consider mental health and behavioral interventions when addressing obesity in the pediatric office. Treatment of Childhood Obesity Also Aids in Prevention There are steps to limit the risk of heart disease and other cardiovascular problems in children.

Trying to reach that ideal body weight healht self-esteem on an individual, and self-esteem leads to depression. Databases were searched between June 13 and 17, Screening recommended Routine screening of children with further comprehensive screening for high-risk populations. Conclusion The aim of this review was to establish what has recently changed in relation to common psychological consequences associated with childhood OBy. Genitals and Urinary Tract. Tevie, J.

  • Gusella, S. Teasing, depression and unhealthy weight control behaviour in obese children.

  • Prevalence of overweight and obesity in a provincial population of Canadian preschool children.

  • In one of the only studies to approach childhood obesity from an asset model, Fenton et al.

  • Obesity and the mental disorders they contribute to should be considered as serious as other medical illnesses, they say. Obese children are more likely to become obese adults, too.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Diagnosed ADHD treated methylphenidate, per guidelines with no neurological comorbidities, confirmed healthy controls, Israel. Physician-diagnosed obesity in German 6- to year-olds. They found that, in a sample of 8-year-old girls, those with high weight and shape concern experienced more depressive symptoms than those with low levels of weight concern, regardless of weight status. Postgrad Med J.

While traditional methods to enhance the health and well-being of young people have utilized a problem-focused paradigm, a focus on QOL and resilience provides opportunity to view childhood obesity and overweight through a lens of positive mental health and development. Childhood obesity: psychosocial outcomes and the role of weight bias and stigma. Individual factors are often the focus in childhood obesity literature, so refocusing on healthy relationships e. Certainly in the context of our obesogenic and fat-phobic culture, obese and overweight children that are able to thrive and excel in spite of their current context would help us understand the concept of resiliency. Most research has not examined these psychosocial factors in one study, and this paper aims to look at these factors together. The emotional impact of obesity on children. Health Education Research.

Self-Esteem & School Bullying

Obesity: the role of child mental health services. The direction of the relationship between mental health and obesity certainly remains unclear as most of the studies are cross-sectional e. Eating disorders and obesity as social justice issues: implications for research and practice.

Some studies find that obese children have lower self-esteem [ 29 ] while others do not [ 2130 ]. Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology. BMC Public Health. Eating Disorder Symptoms Traits associated with eating disorders appear to be common in adolescent obese populations, particularly for girls [ 42 ].

View at: Google Scholar J. Healthy Living. Study selection All publications presenting information on the identification or prevention of psychiatric morbidity in childhood obesity were included. Main concepts in this model include psychological factors, mediating variables, and wellness factors.

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OW children were more likely to experience multiple associated psychosocial problems than their healthy-weight peers, which may be adversely influenced by OBy stigma, teasing, and bullying. Narang I, Mathew JL. Neumark-Sztainer, N. Stay Informed.

Bromfield PV. It should be noted that the treatment mental health effects of childhood obesity pediatric obesity may vary with age particularly as approaches to childhood obesity migrate to a more integrated shared-responsibility model of service delivery [ 11 ]. Individual factors are often the focus in childhood obesity literature, so refocusing on healthy relationships e. IHPR Logo. Puhl and Latner [ 49 ] completed a comprehensive literature review on childhood weight-based stigmatization and found that children demonstrate weight bias by associating obesity with a number of undesirable traits and preferring to associate with nonobese peers. Prevalence of overweight and obesity in a provincial population of Canadian preschool children.

It is the most recent review of this type and includes a broad range of studies involving numerous countries with varying methodologies. Follow Us. Four year prospective study of BMI and mental health problems in children. Taner et al

Journal of Obesity

Dieting history in obese youngsters with and without disordered eating. Keyword combinations are listed in Table 1. Learn More. Parents and teachers are important role models for influencing children's attitudes and behaviours towards their bodies.

  • Eur J Pediatr.

  • Latino kids already face a lot of bullying due to discrimination, according to Salud America! Examining the etiology of childhood obesity: the idea study.

  • Gray, N. Article Sources.

  • Existing studies can be used to speculate about relationships and links between factors.

  • The authors wish to acknowledge PHAC for their support of this literature review.

Irrespective of age, very high prevalence rates of mood disorders Significantly higher lifetime prevalence of bulimia nervosa in weight-loss seeking patients with childhood OB onset compared with adult-onset OB. Long metnal impact of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence on morbidity and premature mortality in adulthood; systematic review. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. Physician-diagnosed obesity in German 6- to year-olds. Bullying and teasing, manifestations of OB stigma, were stressors associated with negative psychological outcomes and occurred more frequently in OW children. Obesity and asthma: pathophysiology and implications for diagnosis and management in primary care.

Fat free schooling: the discursive production of ill-health. Effects of a weight maintenance diet on bulimic symptoms in adolescent girls: an experimental test of the dietary restraint theory. Kurth B-M, Ellert U. The emotional impact of obesity on children.

Social Stigma

Schwimmer, T. Eur J Pediatr. Hannan, and S.

In an ironic twist, some children who are overweight might seek emotional comfort in foodadding even more calories to their plates at the same time that their pediatricians and parents are urging them to eat less. Children are considered obese when their weight is at least 10 percent higher than recommended for their age and height. Most research has not examined these psychosocial factors in one study, and this paper aims to look at these factors together. Ackard, D. Routine screening of children with further comprehensive screening for high-risk populations.

Developing resilience in children who are in public care: the educational psychology perspective. However, there obesiy a number of environmental, familial and personal barriers that hinder the whole process of weight loss in children. Summary Existing studies can be used to speculate about relationships and links between factors. Journal of Adolescent Health. Larkin J, Rice C.

Download other formats More. Intervention and action are necessary to prevent childhood and adolescent OBy. Health-related quality of life of overweight and obese children. Significant improvements in physiological measures, health behaviours, and psychosocial outcomes like self-esteem and body image have been found to result from approaches that focus on weight-neutral rather than weight-loss goals [ 74 ].

References

Share On Social! Restraint theory [ 38 ] suggests that the constant restriction of food intake will eventually break down and result in disinhibited eating, like binge eating and emotional eating. Public Health Agency of Canada.

  • Other community factors include the affordability of healthy food options, peer and social supports, marketing and promotion, and policies that determine how a community is designed.

  • Depression and Anxiety A recent review concluded that the majority of studies find a prospective relationship between eating disturbances and depression [ 24 ]. Childhood obesity is a growing concern, and while progress has been made to understand the association between multiple biological factors i.

  • Later, full texts were obtained for relevant articles and examined for inclusion in the final collection of review literature. Chronic Conditions.

  • Target Adult Role Models A number of recent documents suggest that a public health response to childhood obesity should include intervention across multiple sectors [ 7879 ]. International Journal of Obesity.

  • By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Follow Us.

Adolesc Health Med Ther. Academic Pediatrics. Vos and S. He may see himself as different and an outcast. Alternatively psychiatric disorders may contribute to the development of obesity in vulnerable individuals. Turn on Animations.

BMC Public Health. Developing resilience in children who are in public care: the educational psychology perspective. Impact of psychosocial factors on quality of life in overweight youth. Support Center Support Center.

Association of depression and anxiety disorders with weight change in a prospective community-based study of children followed up into adulthood. The article also discusses potential strategies to overcome those barriers. Curbing childhood obesity: A federal, provincial and territorial framework for action to promote healthy weights. Victimization of obese adolescents.

Dubnov-Raz et al They might be called names. Childhood obesity of related psychological comorbidities was confirmed either through or or clinical interview in 6 studies 515 — 175364 or through specifically focused questionnaires in 24 studies. Lyoo, B. The study also reported that obese boys and girls with low self-esteem had higher rates of loneliness, sadness and nervousness.

This article provides an evidence based comprehensive overview about the psychological factors and psychiatric factors depression, anxiety, eating disorder, obesity, body shape concerns, low self esteem associated with childhood obesity that can further be utilized in the evaluation and management of this epidemic. A systematic literature search of peer-reviewed, English-language studies published between January and January was undertaken and resulted in unique records, of which full-text articles were retrieved and articles were included. Health Psychology. Many children will experience being teased or bullied, because of their excessive weight. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. Looking good: family focus on appearance and the risk for eating disorders. Larkin J, Rice C.

Pediatric obesity: a review for the child psychiatrist. Psychosocial healyh 1 role of psychosocial factors and treatment interventions that target extremely OB individuals based on their BMI, and socio-demographic profiles; 2 eating patterns and the dynamic relationship between binge eating and BMI. Clin Psychol Rev. The Causes of Eating Disorders. Psychological functioning in adolescents with obesity co-morbidities. Appointments Click here to cancel reply.

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  • Increasing BMI negatively associated with self-esteem Child weight associated with negative psychological outcomes in young, non-treatment-seeking children Larger BMI negatively associated with child self-esteem and positively associated with child body dissatisfaction Parental responsiveness positively associated with child self-esteem Parenting not associated with child body dissatisfaction Higher child BMI associated with higher body dissatisfaction and lower self-esteem in a young, non-treatment-seeking sample.

  • Dietary restraint is associated with obesity cross-sectional data; [ 40 ] and predictive of future weight gain in youth [ 3541 ].

Mental health effects of childhood obesity of weight-based teasing and emotional well-being among adolescents. Psychological Factors 5. Emerging literature on quality of life QOL is beginning to fill this gap. A number of recent documents suggest that a public health response to childhood obesity should include intervention across multiple sectors [ 7879 ]. Body Dissatisfaction Research has consistently found that body satisfaction is higher in males than females at all ages [ 32 ]. Walker L, Hill AJ.

Open in a separate window. View at: Google Scholar D. Related Articles. Taylor et al Diagnosed ADHD treated methylphenidate, per guidelines with no neurological comorbidities, confirmed healthy controls, Israel. Strauss, D. In relation to obesity, much is known about healthy lifestyle i.

Publication types

Richardson GE. Erickson et al. Health promotion experts have a unique opportunity to build psychosocial resilience among individuals and communities in an effort to reduce or prevent weight-related disorders.

Resilience Young people who show resilience have been effscts to have access to protective factors in three broad areas: a within themselves, b in their families, and c within the communities in which they live [ 65 ]. Canadian Medical Association Journal. The emotional impact of obesity on children. Associations of weight-based teasing and emotional well-being among adolescents.

But in general, if your child is obese, he is more likely to have low self-esteem than his thinner peers. Marciel, L. Health-related quality of life in overweight and obese youths: results of a multicentre study. Skip to main content. Read the winning articles.

1. Introduction

As a result, a tween with obesity may feel out of place among their slimmer peers. Low self-esteem, anxiety and depression are not uncommon. Marks et al 5.

Kids also become a target for bullying. Unfortunately, these questions have not been taken up in the literature to date. Curbing childhood obesity: A federal, provincial and territorial framework for action to promote healthy weights. Some studies find that obese children have lower self-esteem [ 29 ] while others do not [ 2130 ]. Victimization of obese adolescents.

The study found that 26 percent of teens who were teased at school and home reported they had mental health effects suicide, and 9 percent had attempted it. Suicide is the third leading cause of death among adolescents. The American Psychiatric Association is a national medical specialty society, founded inwhose 35, physician members specialize in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illnesses including substance use disorders. Centre for Disease Control and Prevention. More frequent and upsetting weight-related teasing experiences associated with worse psychological functioning Adolescents most distressed by weight-related teasing exhibited lower self-esteem and higher depressive symptoms Competence-related teasing associated with more worries about weight, greater depressive symptoms, and more negative anti-fat attitudes Weight-related teasing associated with lower levels of social involvement for heavier adolescents.

Parent perception may play a role in these findings, however, since those who sought treatment reported more behavior problems than those who did not seek treatment. Goldstein et al Goodman E, Whitaker RC. Does Drinking Alcohol Cause Obesity? Associations between obesity and comorbid mental health, developmental, and physical health conditions in a nationally representative sample of US children aged 10 to To receive email updates about this topic, enter your email address. Obese children are almost twice as likely to be the victim of peer victimization, with girls more often reporting relational issues and boys reporting overt issues as both the victim and the perpetrator [ 105253 ].

Thanks for your feedback! Clin Psychol Rev. Siegfried, A.

Strauss, D. Puhl and J. Obesity is not a psychological disorder, but some researchers and clinicians argue that it should be considered a mental or behavioural issue [ 10 ]. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

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Davis, B. To receive email updates about this topic, enter your email address. Perhaps not surprisingly, researchers have found lower levels of self-esteem in children and tweens with obesity compared to their average-weight peers. Jumping rope, brisk walking and just playing tag all serve to treat obesity. Friedlander, E. Tweed, and M.

  • Beyond these emotional and psychological issues within the young person, bullying of obese children by others may also occur.

  • Childhood obesity is a growing concern, and while progress has been made to understand the association between multiple biological factors i. Developing a resilience package for vulnerable children.

  • View at: Google Scholar K.

  • This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited.

  • Getting worse: the stigmatization of obese children.

  • Tanofsky-Kraff, M.

Heatlh are mixed in relation to gender issues. It is possible that the mental health effects of childhood obesity public health strategies designed to combat the obesity epidemic may in fact engender the type of dialogue and environment that contribute to its development. Diagnosis of related psychological comorbidities was confirmed either through diagnostic or clinical interview in 6 studies 515 — 175364 or through specifically focused questionnaires in 24 studies. More related articles. There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. Healthy Living.

Braet, and V. J Clin Psychiatry. Buchholz, N. J Pediatr Psychol. This can be accomplished by encouraging team sports, including swimming and soccer, or other activities that require physical effort, such as dancing. Some research suggests that they are less likely to be accepted for admission by a prestigious university.

Association of depression and anxiety disorders with weight change in chilchood prospective community-based study of children followed up into adulthood. Thus, shifting focus from weight and shape to models of health, wellness, and resilience is critical to enhance the well-being of children and adolescents, regardless of weight status [ 84 ]. Developing a resilience package for vulnerable children. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Unfortunately, these questions have not been taken up in the literature to date.

Nilsson, and J. Eur J Mrntal. Tips and Tools. Sanderson et al If you think your child is suffering because of a weight-related issue, contacting your child's pediatrician is a natural first step to getting your child the help they need. Developmental Disabilities. They could be subjected to teasing and bullying.

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ADHD : 1 causality in the relationship between ADHD and OBy, and psychopathological pathways linking the two conditions; 2 experimental effdcts to establish cause and effect for BMI and HRQoL; 51 3 cause and effect of causal link between bulimic behaviors and ADHD and potential common neurobiological alterations; 33 4 OBy risks of young adults who manifest conduct problems in early life. Morbidity patterns among the underweight, overweight and obese between 2—18yrs: population-based cross-sectional analysis. More related articles. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. Bell et al Hwang, I. Stice, K.

Overview Obesity is not a efefcts disorder, but some researchers and clinicians argue that it should be considered a mental or behavioural issue [ 10 ]. Gibson LY. A recent review by Wardle and Cooke [ 13 mental health effects of childhood obesity included 53 studies examining the relationship between obesity and psychosocial factors distinguishing clinical and community samples. We conclude with a number of recommendations to support the creation of solutions to the rise in childhood obesity rates that do not further marginalize overweight and obese children and youth and that can potentially improve the well-being of all children and youth regardless of their weight status. Secular trends in the body mass index of Canadian children.

Feeling fat rather than being fat may be associated with psychological well-being in young Dutch adolescents. However, this approach fails to recognize or capture the limitations of well-being that may not meet specific diagnostic criteria. Further research through causal modeling or path analyses will help elucidate the relationships between the variables taken up in this paper. A less well-known public health issue that elevates risk for obesity is the evidence of increased frequencies of unhealthy dieting behaviours among young people. In addition to triggering body dissatisfaction and disordered eating, weight-based teasing has been linked to suicide attempts [ 23 ], implicated as a predictor of depressive symptoms [ 50 ], positively associated with anxiety, loneliness, social isolation, and parent reports of internalizing and externalizing behaviour problems [ 56 ] and experiences of shame [ 57 ] and negatively associated with physical activity [ 56 ].

Self-esteem and obesity in children and adolescents: a literature review. Stop the Focus on Weight Healthy lifestyle behaviours are important for the whole population regardless of weight status; weight is not a behaviour and therefore should not be an object of behaviour modification [ 71 ]. While traditional methods to enhance the health and well-being of young people have utilized a problem-focused paradigm, a focus on QOL and resilience provides opportunity to view childhood obesity and overweight through a lens of positive mental health and development. A theoretical model is proposed to organize the paper and reflect the current state of the literature and includes psychological factors i. Associations of weight-based teasing and emotional well-being among adolescents.

Childhood obesity is a growing concern, and while progress has been made to understand the association between multiple biological factors i. J Pediatr. Psychol Bull. This risk is partly attributed to efforts to lose weight, which can easily lead to unhealthy behaviors like restricting eating or exercising vigorously. Centre for Disease Control and Prevention. Tweed, and M.

Quinlan et al Treatment of Childhood Obesity Also Aids in Prevention There are steps to limit the risk of heart disease and other cardiovascular problems in children. Young people who show resilience have been found to have access to protective factors in three broad areas: a within themselves, b in their families, and c within the communities in which they live [ 65 ]. J Pediatr Psychol.

Health promotion experts have a unique opportunity to build psychosocial resilience among individuals and communities in an effort to reduce or prevent weight-related disorders. The Journal of Mental health effects of childhood obesity Interventions. The purpose of the present paper is to provide an overview of research linking mental health indices to obesity and to challenge the current notion that prevention should focus solely on nutrition, weight, and physical activity. Health Psychology. However, this relationship is not unidirectional; depression may be both a cause and a consequence of obesity [ 25 ]. Association between clinically meaningful behavior problems and overweight in children.

  • One area that has yet to receive meaningful examination is how mental health may influence or be influenced by efforts at preventing obesity. Overweight, obesity, and depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies.

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Childhood obesity: psychosocial outcomes and the role of weight obesity and stigma. Eating disorders and obesity as social justice issues: implications for research and practice. A systematic literature search of peer-reviewed, English-language studies published between January and January was undertaken and resulted in unique records, of which full-text articles were retrieved and articles were included. Self-esteem and obesity in children and adolescents: a literature review. Since then a number of other researchers have investigated the role of weight and shape concerns. Getting worse: the stigmatization of obese children. Healthy lifestyle behaviours are important for the whole population regardless of weight status; weight is not a behaviour and therefore should not be an object of behaviour modification [ 71 ].

Childhood obesity and self-esteem. In total, unique records were obtained from the searches, full-text articles were retrieved, and articles were included in the document. Shields M. Depression and Anxiety A recent review concluded that the majority of studies find a prospective relationship between eating disturbances and depression [ 24 ]. Gibson LY. J Obes.

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