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Socioeconomic status and obesity articles 2015: Socio-economic status over the life course and obesity: Systematic review and meta-analysis

Our systematic review and meta-analysis identified the lack of consensus among studies focusing on life course SES. Metrics details.

Lucas Cox
Friday, January 10, 2020
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  • The medical consequences of obesity and its health risks.

  • These differences may reflect difficulties experienced by lower socio-economic groups in receiving or actively responding to health promotion messages [ 232537 ].

  • Epidemiologic reviews. School level contextual factors are associated with the weight status of adolescent males and females.

  • National health survey, first results, — Aberdeen Children of the s Study.

  • Obesity Silver Spring. Data availability.

Background

Fig 2. Risk estimates from individual studies were pooled using random-effects models, according to lowest vs the highest SEP category. Inequalities in the prevalence of obesity among women aged 15—49 y in 11 sub-Saharan African countries, —

And obesity articles studies were cross-sectional designs, and based in obessity U. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. Funding: The authors received no specific funding for this work. Food Nutr Bull. The disaggregated nationally representative data, available through HEAT, are the product of reanalyses of publicly available datasets from the DHS, multiple indicator cluster and reproductive health surveys. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

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Stress and the biology of inequality. Body mass index BMI was calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by squared height in metres, and then weight status of children were categorised as underweight, normal weight, overweight or obese according to the international cut-offs for children developed by the International Obesity Taskforce for age and sex that correspond to the adult cut-offs of 25 for overweight and 30 for obesity [ 27 ]. The prevalence of overweight and obesity remained stable in girls from This data brief presents the most recent national data on obesity in United States adults and its association with poverty income ratio PIR and education level. Cadernos de saude publica. Hanson MD, Chen E.

Socioeconomic status and obesity: a review of the literature. The sample design includes oversampling to obtain reliable estimates of health and nutritional measures for population subgroups. Download citation. Students could also choose not to participate at any stage throughout the study.

Public Health. Lancet Glob Heal. Obes Rev. European journal of clinical nutrition.

Associated Data

Prevalence of obesity in Dakar. Therefore, interventional measures should be employed in rural Northwest China to reduce the obesity epidemic that specifically takes into account gender and age differences. The increase of studies showing inverse relationship between SEP and child obesity reflects increased socio-economic differences in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents [ ].

Effects of obesity on the conversion from normal glucose tolerance to diabetes in Hong Kong Chinese. In this systematic review arhicles meta-analysis, we summarize the existing literature obese people running into glass the link between life course SES and obesity, and assessed similarities and differences between studies from developed and developing countries. Article Google Scholar. Sondik, Ph. Due to the low economic level in the surveyed areas, television viewing was considered as the primary leisure after work among local participants, especially in the high-SES groups.

Data from each selected study was abstracted into an electronic database and independently verified against the arficles articles. Since there are a variety of checklist and scales to evaluate the quality of observational studies and they differ by content, format, validity and applicability to different studies [ 1415 ], none of the proposed instruments was used. The sum of the numbers of the individual studies in three pooled analyses were more than 62 because some studies reported both overweight and obesity outcomes. Download citation. Childhood predictors of adult obesity: a systematic review.

Introduction

Ogden, Molly M. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link.

Of into glass, 14 publications met our inclusion criteria for the meta-analysis, all from developed or upper-middle income countries. Wang LD. Obesity and socio-economic groups in Europe: evidence review and implications for action. Bennett, [ 20 ]. Seven studies examined life course SES in relation to the odds of obesity Fig 3 among males and females [ 14 — 1618192124 ], while two other studies examined the same association but results were not stratified by gender [ 2223 ]. Related articles in Google Scholar.

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In the current review, the vast majority of studies have been in developed countries, with a few studies in middle-income countries where the association between childhood Socioeconomic status and obesity articles 2015 and adult obesity remains inconsistent. Micro-environmental and socio-demographic determinants of childhood obesity. Association between clinically meaningful behavior problems and overweight in children. Gaps in the prevalence of obesity were assessed using a single summary measure of absolute difference in the prevalence of obesity in percentage points between the highest and lowest extremes within each socioeconomic equity indicator. Cawley JMeyerhoefer C. Multiple dimensions of socioeconomic position and obesity among employees: The Helsinki Health Study. Petticrew M, Roberts H.

Epidemiologic reviews. These results were consistent with socioeconomic status and obesity articles 2015 reported statjs in China [ 1718 ]. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians. Among the elderly participants, we also observed that participants with a medium income were more likely to be abdominally obese AOR In studies in which overweight and obesity were analyzed separately, the magnitude of the association was higher with obesity.

The prevalence of obesity among women aged 15—49 y by country, year and equity dimensions. Maternal employment and overweight children. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. What are the health risks?

Validation: TA. Data extraction Two investigators S. Sign In. Household routines and obesity in US preschool-aged children. Statistical analysis Socioeconomic status and obesity articles 2015 was expressed as numbers or percentages and presented as mean with standard error of the mean. The evidence on the policy approaches of SSA countries in general do not appear to indicate much success in innovatively adapting global NCD- and obesity-related frameworks. The trends in obesity and chronic disease in China.

The effect of SES is generally understood to be mediated through obesity articles 2015 in weight-related behaviours [ 17374243 ]. Among men with a college degree, the prevalence of obesity increased from As one moved from high- to medium- to low-income countries, the proportion of positive SES-obesity associations increased and the proportion of negative associations decreased, for both men and women [ 2223 ]. All boys and girls and non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black girls in highly educated households are less likely to be obese compared with their counterparts in households where the head has less than a high school degree.

Background

Association of childhood wocioeconomic status with subsequent coronary heart disease in physicians. Conclusion Recent trends in childhood overweight and obesity in the ACT are promising and may reflect the positive effect of public health efforts to halt the epidemic rise in overweight and obesity in children. Table 2 Prevalence of overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity among the study population across different socio-demographic characteristics and lifestyles by gender in rural Hanzhong, Shaanxi province in a Full size table. Am J Clin Nutr.

Canberra: ACT Government; Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field. Additional prevention efforts are required to address the socioeconomic disparity. Childhood obesity: causes, consequences, and intervention approaches. World Cancer Research Fund.

  • We chose the age group of 15—49 y for reasons of data availability and comparability, as the reanalysed DHS survey data in HEAT were complete for this subpopulation across all 11 SSA countries.

  • View Article Google Scholar 7.

  • BMC Public Health. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford.

  • Socioeconomic differences in overweight and weight-related behaviors across adolescence and young adulthood: year longitudinal findings from project EAT.

Another recent study linked childhood SES to breast cancer incidence and mortality[ 47 ], and a systematic review on the association between childhood SES and cause-specific mortality concluded that mortality risk for all causes was higher among those who experienced poor SES during childhood[ 48 ]. Among female participants in surveyed areas, the duration of TV viewing as well as amount of vegetable and fruit consumption were found to increase with income and education level, whereas farming frequency was just the opposite. One study did not report data required for calculating confidence intervals, and therefore was not included in the calculation of summary estimates using meta-analysis but was included in the systematic review since it met the study inclusion criteria[ 25 ]. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. Arch Latinoam Nutr. Data, Maps, and Trends Use these maps and interactive database systems to find information relating to nutrition, physical activity, and obesity. Issue Section:.

Publication bias was visually assessed by socioeconomci plots. Progress on reducing obesity and obesity-associated chronic diseases requires a thorough understanding of risk factors starting in early life in order to inform obesity prevention strategies that have the best chance of success. During the survey, all field workers were closely monitored by their supervisors and randomly examined. Life-course influences on health in British adults: effects of socio-economic position in childhood and adulthood. Onset of obesity in a 36 year birth cohort study. Influence of the home environment on the development of obesity in children.

Related Information

Estimates of the number of obese individuals were calculated using the average Current Population Survey CPS totals for — and — Effects socioefonomic an intervention aimed at reducing the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages in primary school children: a controlled trial. After adjusting for multiple lifestyle factors, we still discerned a strong positive age-obesity association in the population. Between and the prevalence of obesity increased in children at all levels of income and education except among girls in households where the head had at least a college degree. Furthermore, SES disparities in lifestyles across the youngest and oldest groups were also observed and shown in the Table 4.

  • In the studies that used the IOFT cut- off points to define weight status, an inverse relationship was found in

  • Strengths of our study include the large representative sample, high response rate and measured, rather than self-reported, height and weight. Adjusted prevalence ratios were derived from the fitted logistic regression model [ 30 ].

  • What's this?

  • Validation: TA.

Nine studies [ 14 — 1618 — 20222325 ] provided estimates of the 2015 between life course SES and measures of obesity that were adjusted for confounders, while six studies [ 41213172124 ] reported only unadjusted estimates. When relative estimates were reported comparing the opposite contrast i. Article Google Scholar 2. Cynthia L. People of low-SES are at greater risk of becoming overweight and obese than people with high SES across all industrial countries, whereas in developing countries people of high-SES people are at increased risk of becoming overweight [ 78 ]. As shown in Table 3there is a statistically significant correlation between obesity and SES associated with gender amongst the participants in rural Hanzhong, when adjusting for socio-demographic and risk factors analyzed in the study and using a logistic regression model. The results of our meta-analysis were highly consistent with previous findings.

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The results of our meta-analysis were highly consistent with previous findings. A prospective study obese people running into glass childhood and adult socioeconomic status and incidence of type 2 diabetes in women. Socioeconomic status, sex, and obesity in a large national cohort of 15—87 year old open university students in Thailand. This view is supported by other studies[ 850 — 52 ] that include LMICs. Abstract Background The purpose of this review was to summarize the published literature on the association of childhood, adulthood and life course socio-economic status SES with obesity between January and June

Overweight and obesity in children continues to be a major public health concern worldwide [ 12 ]. Family and neighbourhood socioeconomic inequalities in childhood trajectories of BMI and overweight: longitudinal study of Australian children. Post-stratification sampling weights were calculated to match the population benchmark of ACT Year 6 children by school sector, age and sex. This highlights the need for more studies in developing countries, where chronic disease rates have risen significantly and are expected to outstrip infectious diseases as the major cause of death in a few decades. Are American children and adolescents of low socioeconomic status at increased risk of obesity?

Ogden, Molly M. Renewed attention has been paid to the importance of social inequalities in health, and a recent Institute of Medicine report recognized that chronic soicoeconomic risk factors, such as obesity, are likely shaped over the life course during critical windows of development from childhood to adolescence [ 3 ]. It has been postulated that these trends reflect a positive effect of public health campaigns designed to prevent excess weight gain in children at the local, state and national level [ 3839 ].

Availability of data and materials De-identifiable data are available on artjcles from ACT Health, but conditions apply. Obesity Silver Spring. Poverty income ratio PIR : The ratio of household income to the poverty threshold after accounting for inflation and family size. Older studies have characterized a positive, i. We identified unique studies through our literature search, and reviewed 35 studies in full Fig 1. In all regions, further studies are needed to develop public health strategies aimed at mitigating the impact of low childhood SES on adult health.

  • Factors contributing to regular smoking in adolescents in Turkey.

  • The reasons for the differences by sex in trends of overweight and obesity in this study are unclear. As in men, similar increases were seen among women with a high school diploma and among those with some college Figure 5.

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  • Globally, approximately 1.

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Articles 2015 oesity paper analyzed had been published in [ 82 ], and over half of the papers appeared in the period — Article PubMed Google Scholar 2. Perceptions of body size, obesity threat and the willingness to lose weight among black South African adults: A qualitative study. Likewise, the search in other databases did not include terms like adolescent obesity or overweight or synonyms of social class.

This view obesty supported by other studies[ 850 socioeconomic status and obesity articles 2015 52 ] that include LMICs. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we summarize the existing literature on the link between life course SES and obesity, and assessed similarities and differences between studies from developed and developing countries. Socioeconomic status and obesity in adult populations of developing countries: a review. Bourdieu P. Thus it is not surprising to find a faster transition for SES-obesity relationship in women than men.

NCHS data brief no Neighbourhood socioeconomic disadvantage and fruit and vegetable consumption: a seven countries comparison. National Center for Health Statistics. Association of childhood socioeconomic status with subsequent coronary heart disease in physicians. Defining obesity cut points in a multiethnic population.

Two studies reported estimates that were un-stratified by gender [ 22 aocioeconomic, 23 ], and also showed a higher summary odds ratio of obesity among lower life course SES compared with higher life course SES Summary OR: 1. China is the most populous country in the world, whose total population accounts for one-fifth of the global population. When relative estimates were reported comparing the opposite contrast i. Additional information Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Obes Res. Amongst men with low farming activity frequency and smoking frequency as well as high vegetable and fruit intake, there was a high prevalence of obesity.

Socioeconomic gradients in body weight of German children reverse direction between the ages of 2 and 6 years. On the basis of our findings, we advocate that development programmes should be an essential component of overweight and obesity control in children. Results for females were consistent across all included studies, while two studies for males reported lower mean BMI among lower life course SES adults 63, Validation: TA.

Predictors of fatness and physical fitness in nine-year-old Icelandic school children. The target population of the survey was adult residents between the ages of 18 to 80 years, who were recruited using a two-level stratified random cluster sampling technique. Nine studies [ 14 — 1618 — 20222325 ] provided estimates of the association between life course SES and measures of obesity that were adjusted for confounders, while six studies [ 41213172124 ] reported only unadjusted estimates. BMJ Clinical research ed. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we summarize the existing literature on the link between life course SES and obesity, and assessed similarities and differences between studies from developed and developing countries.

Socioeconomic status and obesity and obesity adult populations of developing countries: a review. Mclaren L. Prevalence of obesity, abdominal obesity and associated factors in hypertensive adults aged 45—75 years. On the whole, the prevalence of obesity were higher in men than in women, and positively associated with age. Strengths and limitations Our systematic review and meta-analysis identified the lack of consensus among studies focusing on life course SES.

Publication year. We selected synonymous terms and used these to develop the search strategy Panel S1. Risk factors for overweight in 2- to 6-year-old children in Beijing, China. If a study reported risk estimates with more than one measure of SEP, each estimate was extracted separately.

  • Sociodemographic and dietary risk factors for excess weight in a greek pediatric population living in Kavala, Northern Greece. J Nutr.

  • As shown in Table 3there is a statistically significant correlation between obesity and Socioeconokic associated with gender amongst the participants in rural Hanzhong, when adjusting for socio-demographic and risk factors analyzed in the study and using a logistic regression model. Childhood obesity in the modern age: global trends, determinants, complications, and costs.

  • J Clin Epidemiol.

  • This is an open access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. Methods The major medical electronic databases were searched to identify studies that examined SES over the life-course in relation to obesity.

  • Overall, our results show an increasing trend of obesity during — across the SSA countries analysed with the notable exception of Senegal. The development of socio-economic health differences in childhood: results of the Dutch longitudinal PIAMA birth cohort.

Wojcicki JM. Psychological bulletin. Int J Obes. Am J Clin Nutr. Future multi-country comparisons to understand the underlying social and behavioural patterns that determine a higher burden of obesity among particular subgroups e.

In this study, participants who experienced childhood financial hardship were socioeconomic status and obesity articles 2015 more likely to suffer from chronic conditions in adulthood compared with those who did not report childhood financial hardship[ 46 ]. Bennett, [ 20 ]. PubMed Google Scholar. Tracking of overweight from mid-adolescence into adulthood: consistent patterns across socio-economic groups. Specifically, in these studies, the odds ratio for overweight and obesity in the category of lower family income with respect to the category of higher family incomes ranged between 1.

Hanson MD, Chen E. As in men, similar increases were seen among women with a high school diploma and among those with some college Figure 5. In boys, the prevalence of childhood obesity increased significantly between and in households at all education levels.

Metrics details. Association between household income and overweight of Korean and American children: trends and differences. A prospective study of childhood and adult socioeconomic status and incidence of type 2 diabetes in women. Am J Phys Anthropol. International journal of epidemiology.

Socioeconomic status and obesity: a review of the literature. Seven studies were longitudinal in design [ 4121315171921 ], and eight were cross-sectional [ 1416182022 — 25 ]. A lower school ICSEA value indicates a lower level of educational advantage, on average, for students attending the school. However, gender differences associated between SES and obesity are complex and may be confounded by other factors such as health behaviors and socio-cultural norms [ 2930 ]. Nevertheless, farming frequency decreased with the SES of participants. Computing adjusted risk ratios and risk differences in Stata. Life-course socioeconomic status and obesity among older Singaporean Chinese men and women.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field. To ensure proportional representation, schools were first stratified by education sector i. Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. In our study, it was also observed that women had less duration of TV viewing and alcohol consumption, but they did take on much more farming work than men.

Int J Obes. The socioeconomic status and obesity articles 2015 modelling method used in the study allows for the adjustment of factors at different levels that may confound the association between weight status and the selected exposures. Socio-economic status, neighbourhood food environments and consumption of fruits and vegetables in New York City. All material appearing in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission; citation as to source, however, is appreciated.

A comparison of the application of two working definitions of metabolic syndrome in Chinese population. Complete data on height and weight were available for The studies included in this review sought to determine the influence of SES on obesity from childhood through adulthood, providing a comprehensive investigation of reported differences in both developed and developing countries. People of low-SES are at greater risk of becoming overweight and obese than people with high SES across all industrial countries, whereas in developing countries people of high-SES people are at increased risk of becoming overweight [ 78 ]. Overweight children and adolescents are likely to become overweight adults [ 34 ]. Cite this article Pei, L. Funding Not applicable.

Psychological bulletin. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. Additional Information How to cite this article : Wu, S.

The NHANES sample is selected through a complex, multistage design that socioeconomic status and obesity articles 2015 selection of primary sampling units countieshousehold segments within the counties, and finally sample persons from selected households. Ogden, Molly M. It could be found that the association between SES and obesity was statistically significant only when BMI was used for the female population, meanwhile a significant association was observed in males for both parameters BMI and WC. About this article. Abstract Background The purpose of this review was to summarize the published literature on the association of childhood, adulthood and life course socio-economic status SES with obesity between January and June A comparison of the application of two working definitions of metabolic syndrome in Chinese population. Metrics details.

BMC Public Health. Bourdieu P. Rodd C, Sharma AK. Income disparities in body mass index and obesity in the United States, — J Nutr.

Among female participants, the prevalence of obesity increased with age. A strong association between socioeconomic status Sociodconomic and obesity has also been widely confirmed [ 6 ]. Sincethe estimated prevalence of overweight and obesity has remained high in the lowest SES groups, but a concurrent downward trend was observed in the highest SES group, leading to increasing disparity between SES groups. In: Goran MI, editor. The reasons for the differences by sex in trends of overweight and obesity in this study are unclear. The American journal of clinical nutrition. Field AE.

Acceleration of BMI in early childhood and risk of sustained obesity. Pudrovska T, Anikputa B. The Australian standard definition of sugar-sweetened beverages SSB includes sugar-sweetened soft drinks and cordials, fruit drinks, vitamin waters, energy and sports drinks [ 28 ].

  • Childhood poverty and abdominal obesity in adulthood: a systematic review. The bivariable analyses showed the presence of an inverse relationship between family SEP and weight status in

  • Well-being and health behaviour by parental socioeconomic status: a follow-up study of adolescents aged 16 until age 32 years. Lifecourse socioeconomic position and weight change among blacks: The Pitt County study.

  • Article PubMed Google Scholar. Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey.

  • In the youngest participants, a positive association was clearly observed between amount of vegetable and fruit consumption and increased income.

BMC Public Health. Carroll, Socloeconomic. Seven studies were longitudinal in design [ 41213151719 2015, 21 ], and eight were cross-sectional [ 1416182022 — 25 ]. Obesity has recently become a major public health problem worldwide and is attributed to high-energy intake or low physical activity levels [ 1 ]. Contact us Submission enquiries: bmcpublichealth biomedcentral. Among girls, the prevalence of obesity increased from 5.

A cross-sectional population-based study in southern Spain. We identified unique studies through our literature search, and reviewed 35 studies in full Fig 1. Two authors SN and TA independently reviewed study titles, abstracts and full text, and discrepancies in selected articles were resolved following a discussion by both authors. PubMed Google Scholar Download references.

Our findings underscore the WHO's declaration of overweight and obesity as a worldwide epidemic of equal concern to populations in the global North and South. Support Center Support Center. OECD Socioeconomic status and weight control practices among to year-old women. Prevalence of obesity in Dakar. The shift of obesity burden by socioeconomic status between and in Latin America and the Caribbean: a cross-sectional series study. The major medical electronic databases were searched to identify studies that examined SES over the life-course in relation to obesity.

Socioecojomic and the biology of inequality. To our knowledge, this is the first study to systemically examine the influence of SES on obesity and lifestyles among adults in rural Northwest China. Peer Review reports. J Pediatr. The relationship between SEP and body weight was already suggested in the latter part of the 19 th century.

Trends in overweight and obesity by socioeconomic status in Year 6 school children, Australian Capital Territory, socioeconomic status and obesity articles 2015 Int J Arhicles. The purpose of this review was to summarize the published literature on the association of childhood, adulthood and life course socio-economic status SES with obesity between January and June Association between life course SES and waist circumference Three studies examined life course SES in relation to waist circumference WC among males and females [ 12 — 14 ].

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Among non-Hispanic white men there is a threshold effect, the prevalence is lower among college graduates compared with those with some college. It is apparent from these findings that the abdominal obesity epidemic is more severe relative to the national average level, and lower than that of eastern China. Cynthia L. Obes Res Clin Pract. Download citation.

  • Obesity and socioeconomic status in developing countries: a systematic review. Educational inequalities and cardiovascular risk factors.

  • Whose socioeconomic status influences a woman's obesity risk: her mother's, her father's, or her own?

  • Understanding social disparities in obesity are presently an essential element in establishing public health priorities. If a study reported risk estimates with more than one measure of SEP, each estimate was extracted separately.

  • J Am Diet Assoc.

Cadernos de saude publica. Wang LD. Seven studies socioeconomi longitudinal in design [ 412131517socioeconomic status and obesity articles 201521 ], and eight were cross-sectional [ 1416182022 — 25 ]. Tracking of childhood overweight into adulthood: a systematic review of the literature. References 1. Post-stratification sampling weights were calculated to match the population benchmark of ACT Year 6 children by school sector, age and sex.

Despite these limitations, this is the first study to determine the obrsity between SES and obesity in rural Northwest China, which provides important clues for prevention and control of local obesity. National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with country-years and 9. Childhood and adolescent obesity in Spain. Stunkard AJ.

Students could also choose not to participate at any stage throughout the study. Trends of obesity and underweight in older children and adolescents in the United States, Brazil, China, and Russia. Gender in childhood obesity: family environment, hormones, and genes.

National Center for Health Statistics. BMC public health. Prev Med. Although some studies find that the effects of anr SES on adult obesity were attenuated when adult Obesity articles was accounted for[ 4613142022232733 — 45 ], other studies nevertheless highlight the importance of considering the lasting effects of childhood social class, notably Tucker-Seeley et al. Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. Of these, 14 publications met our inclusion criteria for the meta-analysis, all from developed or upper-middle income countries.

  • Therefore, interventional measures should be employed in rural Northwest China to reduce the obesity epidemic that specifically takes into account gender and age differences. Parental educational level was the most frequently used method as measure of SEP among the included studies.

  • The NHANES sample is selected through a complex, multistage design that includes selection of primary sampling units countieshousehold segments within the counties, and finally sample persons from selected households. Computing adjusted risk ratios and risk differences in Stata.

  • Association between life-course SES and mean BMI Five studies reported an association between artocles course SES and mean BMI[ 412131720 ], four included data from both males and females [ 12131720 ], and one study included only females [ 4 ]. Google Scholar

  • Table 1 presents the prevalence of obesity across time in the 11 SSA countries by various equity dimensions wealth quintile, educational attainment, place of residence.

  • Glob Health Action. Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during — A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study

Only one study from a low-income country was included Table 1. Informed consent was obtained from each participant at 2051 start of the survey. Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study Amongst men with low farming activity frequency and smoking frequency as well as high vegetable and fruit intake, there was a high prevalence of obesity. Studies were excluded if they met at least one of the following criteria: 1 no relevant data presented; 2 non-English language; 3 other outcomes; 4 not original research; 5 no life course SES; or 6 published outside the range of June The influence of socioeconomic status on the incidence and evolution of obesity during early adolescence.

Cite this socoieconomic Pei, L. Eur J Pediatr. The three studies were conducted in Brazil, UK and Scotland. Seven studies were longitudinal in design [ 4121315171921 ], and eight were cross-sectional [ 1416182022 — 25 ]. Nigeria saw only a marginal increase between and from 5.

The relationship between obesity and socioeconomic status differs by sex and articlles and ethnicity group. Socioeconomic status and obesity articles 2015 order to bring in more money and supplement farming income, most men leave the village to work temporary jobs in urban areas, while more women stay at home and occupy themselves with farming. Well-being and health behaviour by parental socioeconomic status: a follow-up study of adolescents aged 16 until age 32 years.

Formal analysis: TA SN. Socio-demographic and behavioral risk factors associated with the high prevalence of overweight and obesity in Portuguese children. External link. Fig 4.

Ann Epidemiol. When we performed sub-groups analyses for different geographical areas, children with lowest SEP had higher risks of overweight, obesity and overweight including obesity in North America, Europe and Oceania. Thank you for submitting a comment on this article. Neighbourhood deprivation, individual-level familial and socio-demographic factors and diagnosed childhood obesity: a nationwide multilevel study from sweden.

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