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Body mass index simple definition of science – Body mass index

Main articles: Waist-to-height ratio and Waist-to-hip ratio.

Lucas Cox
Wednesday, June 17, 2020
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  • So, if all body dimensions double, and mass scales naturally with the cube of the height, then BMI doubles instead of remaining the same. How 'literally' can mean "figuratively" Literally How to use a word that literally drives some pe

  • For example, the BMI of bodybuilder and eight-time Mr.

  • Generally, the range is from a BMI of 21 up to and often including

  • Samaras TT, ed. Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice?

Calculate Your BMI

Also, a significant increase in risk of death was present only among those with a BMI of less than 21 or greater than Recently, there jass been concern that an epidemic of obesity is occurring, not only in the United States, but also worldwide based on BMI data. According to the U. More specifically, both visceral fat accumulation 6869 and an expanded girth have been associated with development of insulin resistance, diabetes, and risk for coronary heart disease and hypertension.

  • Beyond body mass index. Perhaps the distribution is programmed by gender earlier in life.

  • Integrated Authority File Germany. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.

  • When the term BMI is used informally, the units are usually omitted.

BMI Prime is useful clinically because it shows skmple what ratio e. Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. New weight standards for men and women. Vol 1—3 New York, NY: — This has resulted in predictions of a public health disaster. Finally, I would like the political activists and doomsday prophets whose professional careers appear to depend on frightening the public and inducing politicians to pass restrictive laws without proven value, to be introduced to the prescient comments made by A.

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This results in taller people having a reported BMI that is uncharacteristically high, compared to their actual body fat levels. New York: Springer. Retrieved 19 December Because of this, the standards have varied over the past few decades. Harvard School of Public Health. It is not clear where on the BMI scale the threshold for overweight and obese should be set. Waist-to-hip circumference ratio has also been used, but has been found to be no better than waist circumference alone, and more complicated to measure.

Retrieved 5 February Seven-year changes in body fat and visceral adipose tissue in women. Beyond body mass index. English Language Learners Definition of body mass index. He noted that accumulation of fat in the upper part of the body versus the lower part of the body was associated with an increased risk for coronary heart disease, diabetes, and also gallstones and gout.

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CRC Press. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation. Body mass index simple definition of science from the original on 18 December Hidden categories: CS1 Japanese-language sources ja Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April Articles with short description Short description matches Wikidata Wikipedia pending changes protected pages Use Oxford spelling from September Articles containing potentially dated statements from All articles containing potentially dated statements All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from May Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles with unsourced statements from November All articles that may contain original research Articles that may contain original research from May Articles with unsourced statements from May Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Wikipedia articles with LNB identifiers Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers Wikipedia articles with MA identifiers.

Depot-specific hormonal characteristics of subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue and their relation to the metabolic syndrome. Andres in summarized 16 different population-based studies in which anthropometrically determined obesity was not associated with increased mortality rate. Adult lean body mass declines with age: some longitudinal observations. In other words, BMI is better at determining a person is not obese than it is at determining a person is obese.

Main articles: Waist-to-height ratio and Waist-to-hip ratio. In an analysis of 40 mads involvingpeople, patients with coronary artery disease with normal BMIs were at higher risk of death from cardiovascular disease than people whose BMIs put them in the overweight range BMI 25— Part of a series on. Obesity-associated morbidity.

  • From an anatomical and metabolic perspective, the term obesity should lndex to an excessive accumulation of body fat triacylglycerolsand upon these grounds, the accuracy of the BMI as a determinant of body fat mass has been repeatedly questioned, 1639 — 4146 — 48 because it clearly has limitations in this regard.

  • Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation. Test your vocabulary with our question quiz!

  • It also is pathogenetically important in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which itself results in a lower body mass.

  • However, it has been coopted for this use because it is a readily obtained metric.

  • The Lancet. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Archived from the original on November 22, The awkward case of 'his or her'. Retrieved 29 July ISBN European Journal of Epidemiology. The Health Board. United States Latvia Poland.

Retrieved 15 December Infex This can partially explain the increase in the overweight diagnosis in the past 20 years, and the increase in sales of weight loss products during the same time. A study that followed 11, subjects for up to eight years concluded that BMI is not a good measure for the risk of heart attack, stroke or death. The BMI is generally used as a means of correlation between groups related by general mass and can serve as a vague means of estimating adiposity. United States Latvia Poland. Moderate risk of developing heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes mellitus.

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

Muquardt; Evidence for a strong genetic influence on childhood adiposity despite the force of the obesogenic environment. Its location also can be determined.

Bibcode : PLoSO. Retrieved 29 July American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Let there be no delusion.

A common use of the BMI is to assess how far an individual's body weight departs from what is normal or desirable for a person's height. It is calculated in the same way as for adults but then compared to typical values for other children of the same age. It is clearly manifested by paleolithic statuettes of exceedingly plump women. More from Merriam-Webster on body mass index Britannica. Intention to lose weight, weight changes, and y mortality in overweight individuals without co-morbidities. Download as PDF Printable version.

How Do I Interpret Body Mass Index Information?

Nephrol Dial Transplant. Blackburn H, Parlin RW. Accurate frame size calculators use several measurements wrist circumference, elbow width, neck circumference, and others to determine what category an individual falls into for a given height. Main articles: Waist-to-height ratio and Waist-to-hip ratio.

  • The BMI has been useful in population-based studies by virtue of its wide acceptance in defining specific categories of body mass as a health issue. The BMI was not originally developed for use specifically as an index of fatness in population-based studies.

  • Top 10 Latin Phrases.

  • The latter could be of great importance in hunter-gatherer societies and in defense of the tribe.

  • New York: Knickerbocker Press; —

  • Waist-to-hip circumference ratio has also been used, but has been found to be no better than waist circumference alone, and more complicated to measure.

For children and teens, the interpretation of BMI depends upon age and sex. Children with a BMI science the 85th and 95th percentile are considered to be overweight. Issues to be Resolved When Relating BMI With Health Determinants Overall, a major unresolved issue is which factor of the following is more important in the prediction of comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, malignancies, or overall death rates. This is because men tend to accumulate fat in the abdominal upper body area, whereas women tend to accumulate it in the peripelvic gluteal area and the thighs. How 'literally' can mean "figuratively" Literally How to use a word that literally drives some pe Garrow in3132 but the terminology was changed.

Adipose tissue Classification of obesity Genetics of obesity Metabolic syndrome Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome Metabolically healthy obesity Obesity paradox. Connecticut Medicine. The scaling factor of 1. Archived from the original on 23 August

A study published by Journal of the American Medical Association JAMA in showed that overweight people had a death rate similar to normal weight people as defined by BMI, while underweight and obese people had a higher death rate. Retrieved 5 February The Health Board. JSTOR

More from Merriam-Webster on body mass index Britannica. Test your vocabulary with our question quiz! Sports Nutrition. BMIs under 20 and over 25 have been associated with higher all-causes mortality, with the risk increasing with distance from the 20—25 range.

Colours indicate BMI categories defined by the World Health Organization; underweightnormal weightoverweightmoderately obeseseverely obese and very severely obese. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. JSTOR The Health Board. For example, this is the case in populations of Asian descent and older people.

International Journal of Epidemiology. Archived PDF from the original on Retrieved 19 December According to the U. S2CID

Bubnis D ed. The indirect methods currently in use for estimating total percent of body fat include underwater weighing, an air displacement and density determination using a Bod Pod, a bioelectrical impedance analyzer, and a determination of the isotopically labeled water mass. National Center for Health Statistics.

Waist-to-hip circumference ratio has also been used, but has been found to be no better than waist circumference alone, and more complicated to measure. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. A daily challenge for crossword fanatics. BMI Prime is a dimensionless number independent of units.

Sciencw BMI ranges are based on the relationship between body weight and disease and death. Need even more definitions? However, many taller people are not just "scaled up" short people but tend to have narrower frames in proportion to their height [ citation needed ]. BMI generally overestimates adiposity on those with more lean body mass e.

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In a quantitative analysis of several studies, involving more thanmen and women, the lowest mortality rates were found index simple definition people with BMIs between 23 and 29; most of the 25—30 range considered 'overweight' was not associated with higher risk. Authority control. A better measure was found to be the waist-to-height ratio. The current WHO and NIH ranges of normal weights are proved to be associated with decreased risks of some diseases such as diabetes type II; however using the same range of BMI for men and women is considered arbitrary and makes the definition of underweight quite unsuitable for men.

  • However, athletes may have a high BMI because of increased muscularity rather than increased body fatness. It should not be applied to an individual in an unqualified fashion.

  • International Journal of Epidemiology.

  • Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. June

  • Metabolic Syndrome. In this situation, BMI will increase without any corresponding increase in weight.

  • Some mathematical properties of weight-for-height indices used as measures of adiposity.

Learn More About body mass index. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Archived from the original on 18 December BMI Prime is useful clinically because it shows by what ratio e. Retrieved 29 July Save Word. Main articles: Waist-to-height ratio and Waist-to-hip ratio.

Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. The awkward case of 'his or her'. The BMI depends upon weight and the square of height. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Carl Lavie has written that "The B. Archived PDF from the original on Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice?

The BMI cut-offs are presented with an emphasis on health risk rather than indeex. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. Because of this, the standards have varied over the past few decades. Waist circumference is a good indicator of visceral fatwhich poses more health risks than fat elsewhere.

More from Merriam-Webster on body mass index Britannica. Nutr Today. In any event, it results in scieence lower center of gravity among women compared with men. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. Original article underweight, overweight and obesity: relationships with mortality in the year follow-up of the Canada Fitness Survey. Metropolitan Life Insurance Company. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

A study published by The Lancet in involvingadults scienxe that overweight and underweight people both had a mortality rate higher than normal weight people as defined by BMI. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Medical concepts Adipose tissue Classification of obesity Genetics of obesity Metabolic syndrome Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome Metabolically healthy obesity Obesity paradox. United States Latvia Poland. Keys explicitly judged BMI as appropriate for population studies and inappropriate for individual evaluation.

Retrieved 9 July Archived from the original on November 22, Center for Disease Control. Pulchritudinous and many more.

  • The terminology currently used also is prejudicial. Healthy Weight, Nutrition, and Physical Activity.

  • Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford.

  • Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. This also is the case in artifacts from other cultures in the Middle East in that era.

  • BMI provides a simple numeric measure of a person's thickness or thinnessallowing health professionals to discuss weight problems more objectively with their patients. The BMI cut-offs are presented with an emphasis on health risk rather than weight.

BMC Anesthesiology. Keys explicitly judged BMI as appropriate for population studies and inappropriate for individual evaluation. In this paper, Keys argued that what he termed the BMI was " Assumptions about the distribution between muscle mass and fat mass are inexact. New York: Springer.

This results in taller people having a reported BMI that is uncharacteristically high, compared to their actual body fat levels. Medical concepts Adipose tissue Classification of obesity Genetics of obesity Metabolic syndrome Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome Metabolically healthy obesity Obesity paradox. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Nevertheless, due to its simplicity, it has come to be widely used for preliminary diagnoses. Retrieved 29 July European Journal of Epidemiology. High BMI is associated with type 2 diabetes only in persons with high serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase.

Index simple definition will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Singh D. Read more about interpreting adult BMI. Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. The relatively poor correlation between percent of body fat mass and BMI in males has been known for many years 16 and was clearly shown in a study in which percent of body fat was determined by a densitometric method. Nevertheless, due to its simplicity, it has come to be widely used for preliminary diagnoses. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of showed that

The New York Times. Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation. In Singapore, the BMI cut-off figures were revised in by the Health Promotion Board HPBmotivated by studies showing that many Asian populations, including Singaporeans, have a higher proportion of body fat and increased risk for cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellituscompared with general BMI recommendations in other countries.

How 'literally' can mean "figuratively". Learn More About body mass index. The BMI ranges are based on the relationship between bodyy weight and disease and death. Retrieved 9 July Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Instead of comparison against fixed thresholds for underweight and overweight, the BMI is compared against the percentiles for children of the same sex and age.

Health implications of obesity. J Clin Invest. The NHANES data going back to and definitiob to also indicate that the relative mortality risk is lowest in men with a BMI of 25 to 30 in all age groups, that is, from the age of 25 years up to the age of 70 years. Thus, it potentially compensates for a narrower build in tall compared with short people. Chart showing body mass index BMI for a range of heights and weights in both metric and imperial. Obes Rev.

A survey of heights and weights of adults in Great Britain, To learn more about the trends of adult obesity, visit Adult Obesity Facts. Could this be an adaptation for load-bearing versus speed as a group survival adaptation?

  • Mortality record for Integrated Authority File Germany.

  • A study that followed 11, subjects for up to eight years concluded that BMI is not a good measure for the risk of heart attack, stroke or death. Archived from the original on 18 December

  • Health risks of obesity.

  • October

  • Bubnis D ed. The cut-off for observed risk varies based on populations and subpopulations in Europe, Asia and Africa.

Retrieved 5 February June 17, BMI generally overestimates adiposity on those with more lean body mass e. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Archived from the original on November 22, Liver Transplantation.

  • It is not clear where on the BMI scale ihdex threshold for overweight and obese should be set. BMI categories are generally regarded as a satisfactory tool for measuring whether sedentary individuals are underweightoverweightor obese with various exceptions, such as athletes, children, the elderly, and the infirm.

  • January The BMI is a convenient rule of thumb used to broadly categorize a person as underweightnormal weightoverweightor obese based on tissue mass musclefat, and bone and height.

  • One study found that the vast majority of people labelled 'overweight' and 'obese' according to current definitions do not in fact face any meaningful increased risk for early death. However, athletes may have a high BMI because of increased muscularity rather than increased body fatness.

  • Indices of obesity derived from body weight and height.

  • See more words from the same year.

Do the new Metropolitan Life Insurance weight-height tables correctly assess body frame and body fat relationships? Archived from the original on 6 August These changes are likely pf be due to an increase in high-quality dietary protein animal productsas well as an increased availability of total food energy in the diet. Estimates of excess deaths associated with body mass index and other anthropometric variables. In other words, BMI is better at determining a person is not obese than it is at determining a person is obese. JAMA 20; 3 : — Waist circumference and abdominal sagittal diameter: best simple anthropometric indexes of abdominal visceral adipose tissue accumulation and related cardiovascular risk in men and women.

Niger J Health Sci. In comparison, the Ponderal index is based on the natural scaling of mass with the third power of the height. January Retrieved 19 December It is not clear where on the BMI scale the threshold for overweight and obese should be set.

Overweight, obesity, and mortality in a large prospective cohort of persons 50 to 71 years old. In the past, determination of the total body radioactive potassium and thus metabolizing tissue mass have been used to estimate lean body mass, and by difference, the fat mass. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate.

When the term BMI is used informally, the units are usually omitted. Waist circumference can be a better indicator of obesity-related disease risk than BMI. Dietary Guidelines have defined overweight at a variety of levels ranging from a BMI of Medical concepts Adipose tissue Classification of obesity Genetics of obesity Metabolic syndrome Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome Metabolically healthy obesity Obesity paradox. The BMI is a convenient rule of thumb used to broadly categorize a person as underweightnormal weightoverweightor obese based on tissue mass musclefat, and bone and height. Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford. Medical News Today.

Log in Sign Up. Obesity Homepage in Japanese. BMI is used differently for children. Ask the Editors 'Everyday' vs. Center for Disease Control. S2CID In other words, BMI is better at determining a person is not obese than it is at determining a person is obese.

  • McPherson R. Vital Health Stat

  • Download as PDF Printable version. The current WHO and NIH ranges of normal weights are proved to be associated with decreased risks of some diseases such as diabetes type II; however using the same range of BMI for men and women is considered arbitrary and makes the definition of underweight quite unsuitable for men.

  • Smoking, smoking cessation, and risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cohort study. The weight excess or deficiency may, in part, be accounted for by body fat adipose tissue although other factors such as muscularity also affect BMI significantly see discussion below and overweight.

  • Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic.

  • Major adult BMI classifications are underweight under

  • In women, there was a similar increase in weight and height. People who have obesity are at increased risk for many diseases and health conditions, including the following: 10, 17,

The BMI may be determined using a table [a] or chart which displays BMI as a function of mass and height using contour lines or colours for different BMI categories, and which may use other units of measurement converted to metric units for the calculation. Buying Guide Our team at The Usage has selected the best fitness trackers of In an analysis of 40 studies involvingpeople, patients with coronary artery disease with normal BMIs were at higher risk of death from cardiovascular disease than people whose BMIs put them in the overweight range BMI 25— Obesity Homepage in Japanese. However, many taller people are not just "scaled up" short people but tend to have narrower frames in proportion to their height [ citation needed ].

JSTOR Social aspects. Archived from the original on The exponent in the denominator of the formula for BMI is arbitrary. How 'literally' can mean "figuratively" Literally How to use a word that literally drives some pe

Because calculation requires only height and weight, BMI is an inexpensive and easy tool. Sims EA. The role of fat distribution in the prediction of medically significant morbidities as well as for mortality risk is not captured by use of the BMI.

July 8, Accessed 30 Jul. Test Your Vocabulary. ABC News.

Main articles: Waist-to-height ratio and Waist-to-hip ratio. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Recent Examples on the Web Then, the researchers looked at mutations within genes that were associated with a lower or higher body mass index BMIthe most generally accepted, if imperfect, measure of obesity. International Journal of Epidemiology. This became the definitive guide for determining if someone is overweight.

Issues to be Resolved When Relating BMI With Health Determinants Overall, a major unresolved issue is which factor of the following is more important in the prediction body mass index simple definition of science comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, hypertension, malignancies, or overall death rates. BMI categories are generally regarded as a satisfactory tool for measuring whether sedentary individuals are underweightoverweightor obese with various exceptions, such as athletes, children, the elderly, and the infirm. October However, these methods are not always readily available, and they are either expensive or need to be conducted by highly trained personnel.

Section Navigation. Perhaps the distribution is programmed by gender earlier in life. Its location also can be determined. J Clin Invest. This became the definitive guide for determining if someone is overweight.

New definition adopted". Related conditions. Download as PDF Printable version. June 17, Retrieved July 29, Archived from the original on 17 April

Colours indicate BMI categories defined by the World Health Organization; underweightnormal weightoverweightmoderately obeseseverely obese and very severely obese. Relative muscle mass is inversely associated with insulin resistance and prediabetes. Endocr Rev. See the full definition for body mass index in the English Language Learners Dictionary. Health, United States, In Brief. In summary, there is a large range of BMIs over which there is little association with the death rate.

It now is generally accepted that a relationship between BMI and mortality risk should be applied only to large populations. Potassium per kilogram fat-free mass and total body potassium: predictions from sex, age, and anthropometry. Srikanthan P, Karlamangla AS.

It was first recognized in France by Dr Jon Vague 62 in the s. PLoS Med. In this study, both the crude body mass index simple definition of science adjusted relative risk of death among men was actually the lowest in those with a BMI of Obesity has continued to increase in adult women who are age 60 years and older. Nestle M, Jacobson MF. For example, this is the case in populations of Asian descent and older people. However, it has been coopted for this use because it is a readily obtained metric.

Archived from the original on 17 April See the full definition for body mass index in the English Language Learners Dictionary. How 'literally' can mean "figuratively" Literally How to use a word that literally drives some pe How to use a word that literally drives some pe October American Journal of Physical Anthropology. First Known Use of body mass indexin the meaning defined above.

The BMI ranges are based on the relationship between body weight and disease and death. Archived from the original on 23 August International Journal of Obesity. A simple trick to keep them separate.

Adipose tissue Classification of obesity Genetics of obesity Metabolic syndrome Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome Metabolically healthy obesity Obesity paradox. Pulchritudinous and many more. Srikanthan Definifion, Karlamangla AS. BMI categories are generally regarded as a satisfactory tool for measuring whether sedentary individuals are underweightoverweightor obese with various exceptions, such as athletes, children, the elderly, and the infirm. A daily challenge for crossword fanatics. However, many taller people are not just "scaled up" short people but tend to have narrower frames in proportion to their height [ citation needed ].

BMI Prime is a dimensionless number independent of units. The duality of the BMI is that, while it is easy to use as a general calculation, it is hody as to how accurate and pertinent the data obtained from it can be. New definition adopted". A simple trick to keep them separate. Bubnis D ed. Conversely, large framed or tall individuals may be quite healthy, with a fairly low body fat percentagebut be classified as overweight by BMI. Ask the Editors 'Everyday' vs.

Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford. Pulchritudinous and many more. This also is the case for diabetes. Smoking cessation and weight gain.

Not scjence the societal but also the functional and indirectly the medical consequences of an excessive accumulation of fat also have been recognized for millennia. Nuttall FQ. In France, Italy, and Spain, legislation has been introduced banning the usage of fashion show models having a BMI below Carl Lavie has written that "The B.

  • Clearly episodic starvation or semistarvation regimens are not the answer, nor are population-based efforts to increase fresh fruits and vegetables and tax soda pop, and so on. Medical concepts Adipose tissue Classification of obesity Genetics of obesity Metabolic syndrome Epidemiology of metabolic syndrome Metabolically healthy obesity Obesity paradox.

  • June

  • To see the formula based on either kilograms and meters or pounds and inches, visit How is BMI calculated? Frank Q.

  • For example, this is the case in populations of Asian descent and older people.

Generally, the range is from a BMI of 21 up to and often including Indeed, for any given BMI, a 5-cm increase wimple circumference increased the risk of death by a factor of 1. Muquardt; A study that followed 11, subjects for up to eight years concluded that BMI is not a good measure for the risk of heart attack, stroke or death. Samaras TT, ed. Generally, it is considered to be due to hormonal changes.

BMI generally overestimates adiposity on those with more lean body mass e. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey of showed that A better measure was found to be the waist-to-height ratio. ABC News. Waist circumference can be a better indicator of obesity-related disease risk than BMI.

ABC News. Thus if a tall person were simply a scaled-up version scinece a short person, weight would increase approximately with the cube of height. Recent Examples on the Web Then, the researchers looked at mutations within genes that were associated with a lower or higher body mass index BMIthe most generally accepted, if imperfect, measure of obesity. Harper AE. Frank Q.

BMI is an inexpensive and easy screening method for weight category—underweight, healthy weight, overweight, and obesity. Dulloo AG. Epub Aug Fogel RW. Med Sci Sports Exerc. A pitched battle over life span. However, it may have depended on the availability of a reliable food supply and the effort required in obtaining it.

Methods of Estimating Body Fat Mass and Location of the Fat At present, simple, accurate methods for measuring percent simpke body fat and, in particular, body fat in different fat depots are not available. N Engl J Med. International Obesity Task Force. Instead, Keys et al, using better documented weight for height data, popularized the Quetelet Index in population-based studies. A reassessment. Retrieved 29 July

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